vigil

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vig·il

 (vĭj′əl)
n.
1.
a. A watch kept during normal sleeping hours.
b. The act or a period of observing; surveillance.
2. The eve of a religious festival observed by staying awake as a devotional exercise.
3. often vigils Ritual devotions observed on the eve of a holy day.
4. A public assembly convened, often at night, as a political protest or in support of a cause.

[Middle English vigile, a devotional watching, from Old French, from Latin vigilia, wakefulness, watch, from vigil, awake; see weg- in Indo-European roots.]

vigil

(ˈvɪdʒɪl)
n
1. a purposeful watch maintained, esp at night, to guard, observe, pray, etc
2. the period of such a watch
3. (Ecclesiastical Terms) RC Church Church of England the eve of certain major festivals, formerly observed as a night spent in prayer: often marked by fasting and abstinence and a special Mass and divine office
4. (Pathology) a period of sleeplessness; insomnia
[C13: from Old French vigile, from Medieval Latin vigilia watch preceding a religious festival, from Latin: vigilance, from vigil alert, from vigēre to be lively]

vig•il

(ˈvɪdʒ əl)

n.
1. wakefulness maintained for any reason during the normal hours for sleeping.
2. a period of watchful attention.
3.
a. Sometimes, vigils. a nocturnal devotional exercise or service, esp. on the eve of a church festival.
b. the eve or day and night before a church festival, esp. an eve that is a fast.
[1200–50; Middle English vigil(i)e < Medieval Latin vigilia eve of a holy day, Latin: watchfulness =vigil sentry + -ia -y3]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.vigil - a period of sleeplessness
wakefulness - a periodic state during which you are conscious and aware of the world; "consciousness during wakefulness in a sane person is pretty well ordered and familiar"
2.vigil - the rite of staying awake for devotional purposes (especially on the eve of a religious festival)vigil - the rite of staying awake for devotional purposes (especially on the eve of a religious festival)
religious rite, rite - an established ceremony prescribed by a religion; "the rite of baptism"
viewing, wake - a vigil held over a corpse the night before burial; "there's no weeping at an Irish wake"
agrypnia - a vigil before certain feasts (as e.g. Easter)
faith, religion, religious belief - a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny; "he lost his faith but not his morality"
3.vigil - a purposeful surveillance to guard or observevigil - a purposeful surveillance to guard or observe
surveillance - close observation of a person or group (usually by the police)
continuous receiver watch, listening watch - a watch established for the reception of traffic of interest to the unit maintaining the watch
spying - keeping a secret or furtive watch

vigil

noun
The act of carefully watching:
Idiom: watch and ward.
Translations
aatto
bdijenjebdjenje

vigil

[ˈvɪdʒɪl] Nvigilia f, vela f
to keep vigil (over sth/sb)velar (algo/a algn)

vigil

[ˈvɪdʒɪl] nveille f
to hold a vigil → manifester en silence
to keep vigil → veiller

vigil

n
(Nacht)wache f; to keep vigil over somebodybei jdm wachen; the dog kept vigil over his injured masterder Hund hielt bei seinem verletzten Herrn Wache; her long vigils at his bedsideihr langes Wachen an seinem Krankenbett
(Rel) → Vigil f, → Nachtwache f

vigil

[ˈvɪdʒɪl] nveglia
to keep vigil → vegliare

vig·il

n. vigilia.
1. estado de respuesta consciente a un estímulo;
2. insomnio.
References in classic literature ?
He kept vigils, likewise, night after night, sometimes in utter darkness, sometimes with a glimmering lamp, and sometimes, viewing his own face in a looking-glass, by the most powerful light which he could throw upon it.
The learned vigils and labours of a certain class of inventors should have been rewarded with honourable liberality as justice demanded; and the bodies of the inventors should have been blown to pieces by means of their own perfected explosives and improved weapons with extreme publicity as the commonest prudence dictated.
to repent our sins, and to mortify ourselves with fastings, vigils, and long prayers.
Many vigils of joy and some of sorrow had been kept there; and today she must leave it forever.
At instants of momentary wakefulness he mistook a bush for his associate sentinel; his head next sank upon his shoulder, which, in its turn, sought the support of the ground; and, finally, his whole person became relaxed and pliant, and the young man sank into a deep sleep, dreaming that he was a knight of ancient chivalry, holding his midnight vigils before the tent of a recaptured princess, whose favor he did not despair of gaining, by such a proof of devotion and watchfulness.
He did not go home immediately; and under the tree where he kept his vigils he looked up at a window and murmured: "That date was with you, Ruth.
These fasts and vigils made him meagre and haggard, and probably caused him to appear as if he hardly belonged to the world.
The consciousness of being environed by such dangerous neighbors, and of being still within the range of Rose and his fellow ruffians, obliged the party to be continually on the alert, and to maintain weary vigils throughout the night, lest they should be robbed of their horses.
The Italians, however, preferred the daytime in which to escape, and so our long night vigils were without result.
We have to slay pride in giants, envy by generosity and nobleness of heart, anger by calmness of demeanour and equanimity, gluttony and sloth by the spareness of our diet and the length of our vigils, lust and lewdness by the loyalty we preserve to those whom we have made the mistresses of our thoughts, indolence by traversing the world in all directions seeking opportunities of making ourselves, besides Christians, famous knights.
Caswall resumed his habit of watching the great kite straining at its cord, varying his vigils in this way by a further examination of the mysterious treasures of his house, especially Mesmer's chest.
Not for other eyes those long vigils when, night about, we sat watching, nor the awful nights when we stood together, teeth clenched - waiting - it must be now.