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Vil·ni·us(vĭl′nē-əs) or Vil·na (-nə)
The capital and largest city of Lithuania, in the southeast part of the country. Founded in 1323, Vilnius developed into a center of Jewish learning in the 1700s and 1800s. The city was occupied by Soviet troops in 1939, becoming the capital of the Lithuanian Soviet Socialist Republic in 1940. After a period of occupation by Germany (1941-1944) during which most of the city's Jewish community was exterminated, Vilnius reverted to Soviet rule, eventually becoming the capital of independent Lithuania (1991).
(Placename) the capital of Lithuania: passed to Russia in 1795; under Polish rule (1920–39); university (1578); an industrial and commercial centre. Pop: 544 000 (2005 est). Russian name: Vilna Polish name: Wilno
the capital of Lithuania, in the SE part. 582,000.Russian, Vil•na (ˈvyil nə; Eng. ˈvɪl nə)