petroleum

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pe·tro·le·um

 (pə-trō′lē-əm)
n.
A thick, flammable, yellow-to-black mixture of gaseous, liquid, and solid hydrocarbons that occurs naturally beneath the earth's surface, can be separated into fractions including natural gas, gasoline, naphtha, kerosene, fuel and lubricating oils, paraffin wax, and asphalt and is used as raw material for a wide variety of derivative products.

[Middle English, from Medieval Latin petrōleum : Latin petra, rock; see petrous + Latin ōleum, oil; see oil.]

petroleum

(pəˈtrəʊlɪəm)
n
(Elements & Compounds) a dark-coloured thick flammable crude oil occurring in sedimentary rocks around the Persian Gulf, in parts of North and South America, and below the North Sea, consisting mainly of hydrocarbons. Fractional distillation separates the crude oil into petrol, paraffin, diesel oil, lubricating oil, etc. Fuel oil, paraffin wax, asphalt, and carbon black are extracted from the residue
[C16: from Medieval Latin, from Latin petra stone + oleum oil]

pe•tro•le•um

(pəˈtroʊ li əm)

n.
an oily, thick, flammable, usu. dark-colored liquid that is a form of bitumen or a mixture of various hydrocarbons, occurring naturally and commonly obtained by drilling: used as fuel, or separated by distillation into gasoline, naphtha, benzene, kerosene, paraffin, etc.
[1520–30; < Medieval Latin: literally, rock oil = Latin petr(a) rock (< Greek pétra) + oleum oil]
pe•tro′le•ous, adj.

pe·tro·le·um

(pə-trō′lē-əm)
A thick, black to yellow, flammable liquid mixture of hydrocarbons. Petroleum occurs naturally, mainly below the Earth's surface, and is believed to originate from the accumulated remains of ancient plants and animals. It is the source of petrochemicals and is used to make gasoline, lubricating oils, plastics, and many other products.

petroleum

Mineral oil composed of hydrocarbons formed in the Earth’s crust.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.petroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbonspetroleum - a dark oil consisting mainly of hydrocarbons
atomic number 6, carbon, C - an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds
fossil fuel - fuel consisting of the remains of organisms preserved in rocks in the earth's crust with high carbon and hydrogen content
oil - a slippery or viscous liquid or liquefiable substance not miscible with water
resid, residual oil - oil products that remain after petroleum has been distilled
Translations
نفطنَفْط، بِتْرول
petroli
ropanafta
råolie
maaöljyraakaöljy
nafta
kõolaj
jarî-/hráolía
petroleum
nafta
ropa
nafta
petroleum

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm]
A. Npetróleo m
B. CPD petroleum jelly Nvaselina f
petroleum products NPLderivados mpl del petróleo

petroleum

[pəˈtrəʊliəm] npétrole mpetroleum jelly nVaseline® fpetrol gauge n [car] → jauge f d'essence

petroleum

nPetroleum nt

petroleum

:
petroleum ether
nPetroläther m
petroleum jelly
nVaselin nt, → Vaseline f
petroleum refinery

petroleum

[pɪˈtrəʊlɪəm] npetrolio

petrol

(ˈpetrəl) noun
(American gas or gasoline) a liquid got from petroleum, used as fuel for motor cars etc. I'll stop at the next garage and buy more petrol; (also adjective) a petrol engine.
petroleum (pəˈtrəuliəm) noun
oil in its raw, unrefined form, which is found in natural wells below the earth's surface and from which petrol, paraffin etc are obtained.
petroleum jelly
a soft substance got from petroleum, used eg in ointments.
petrol pump (American gasoline pump)
an apparatus at a petrol station which pumps petrol into cars etc, and which measures the amount of petrol it pumps.
petrol station (especially American filling stationor informally gas station)
a garage where petrol is sold.

petroleum

n petróleo; — jelly vaselina, petrolato
References in periodicals archive ?
MANCHESTER fighter Michael Bisping insists he has no desire to face Vitor Belfort in a potential last fight in London.
Royal Philips today announced that Vitor Rocha, who previously led Philips global Ultrasound business, has succeeded Brent Shafer as CEO of Philips North America, with immediate effect.
Madrid: Vice-President of the ECB Vitor Constancio delivered a speech at the ceremony marking the award of the 2016 German Bernacer Prize for Promoting Economic Research in Europe to Ricardo Reis.
Vitor Constancio made the comment while presenting the ECB's biannual Financial Stability Review.
PICPA's Outgoing President Emma Vitor presented the Past President's Report.
The BCC reported that the drug kingpin had been living in the city under the assumed name Vitor Luiz de Moraes.
Wolves' new Chinese owners are also considering Silva's fellow Portuguese Vitor Pereira, the ex-Fenerbahce manager.
HAPOEL BEER SHEVA last night jetted into Glasgow still agonising over the availability of star stopper Miguel Vitor.
Gonzaga was supposed to attend UNA's grand rally on Tuesday, said Danao Councilor Lirio Vitor, Gonzaga's running mate.
British expert Dr Vitor Pinheiro, lecturer in synthetic biology at University College London, said: "It shows that despite our efforts, there are still aspects of biology we don't understand, exemplified by the 65 genes that have no known function.
AMSTERDAM (CyHAN)- Fenerbahce coach Vitor Pereira held a press conference with the midfielder Josef de Souza before the match against Ajax in Uefa Cup Group A on Wednesday.
The striker has failed to shine for Fenerbahce and had a row with coach Vitor Pereira last week.