Furthermore, the rebus sic stantibus principle was enshrined in Article 19 of the Covenant of the League of Nations (League Covenant) and prompted the return of Weihaiwei
, a British colony in Shandong, to China in 1930.
The Beiyang Fleet--of two battleships, ten cruisers, and two torpedo boats--lost a sea battle to the Japanese in September 1894 and withdrew to Weihaiwei
, a strongly fortified harbor on the northern Shandong coast.
The author peppers the poem with the names of remote outposts defending Britain's interests around the world many of which he would have visited as a young officer and even fought at including Weihaiwei
in China, Karochaw in Japan and Sokoto, in north-west Nigeria.
Recruitment centres were established in Qingdao and Weihaiwei
, and by the end of 1918, 96,000 Chinese were working in France.