99) Roughly half the book consists in an overview of Official Nationality and Slavophilism, along with (more briefly) the Westernizer
In sections on theory and debate, history and society, and beyond totalitarianism, they consider such aspects as European liberalism in the age of totalitarianism, Stalin the statesman: a historian's notes, from fascism to communism: the history of a conversion, Aleksander Solzhenitsyn and Vasily Grossman: Slavophile and Westernizer
against the totalitarian Soviet state, and public memory and the difficulty of overcoming the communist legacy.
nor Slavophile, he viewed the village as "the source of moral purity"--without romanticizing the commune--while also promoting literacy and founding the first public library for serfs in his province (218).
trend in the historiography, by contrast, pursued the idea of parallels between the Russian Zemsky Sobors and representative bodies of Western Europe (the English Parliament, the French States General, the Spanish Cortes, the German Landtag).
At age 52, Pinchuk basks in his newfound role as a global philanthropist and a leading Westernizer
of his countryand a man rich and powerful enough to crack jokes at the expense of a former American president.
Ataturk, a committed Westernizer
and political visionary, transformed the multinational Ottoman empire into a modern state based on Turkish nationalism.
Turgenev sent Tolstoy a personal message: A confidential warning--Facebook is a catastrophic time-suck for Slavophile and Westernizer
Thus Turgenev's Bazarov in Fathers and Sons, a "wild" man whose uncompromisingly destructive dogma brought the word "nihilism" into circulation, is to his reader Dostoyevsky a forerunner of the future, but to his own author, the gentle Westernizer
Turgenev who is--here Quinones quotes the critic Pisarev--"looking at him from the past," he is a man to shrink from so as to avoid "the slightest contact with the bouquet of Bazarovism.
, Belinsky was little interested in China in its own right, but he made frequent and liberal use of its European image as a self-reflexive device to criticize the Slavophiles and steer Russia toward reform.
Tolz is able to incorporate effectively critical topics in Russian history, such as the Decembrist revolt, the Slavophil and Westernizer
movements, the populists, and the manner that each group influenced and defined Russian-ness without losing a fluid and clear writing style.
Conrad's notorious Russophobia can hardly be counterbalanced by his admiration for Turgenev, the Westernizer
of the Russian literature.
In the 1920's the Shah of Iran also an active reformer and westernizer
went so far as to issue a proclamation banning the veil, a move which had the support from upper-class women and men.