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 (kə-rē′lē-ə, -rēl′yə, -ryĕ′lē-yə)
A region of northwest Russia between the Gulf of Finland and the White Sea. Inhabited since ancient times by the Karelians, the area later came under Swedish domination and was annexed by Russia (1721). Incorporated as a semiautonomous republic of the USSR (1923), Karelia became a member of the Russian Federation after the collapse of the Soviet Union (1992).


(kəˈriːlɪə; Russian kaˈreljə)
1. (Placename) a region of NE Europe comprising areas of both Finland and Russia. Following the Russo-Finnish War (1939–40) a large part of what had been Finnish Karelia was annexed by the former Soviet Union; together with the part of Karelia which already belonged to Russia at that time, it corresponds roughly to the modern Karelian Republic in Russia
2. (Placename) another name for the Karelian Republic


(kəˈril yə)

1. a region in the NW Russian Federation in Europe, comprising Lake Ladoga and Onega Lake and the adjoining area along the E border of Finland.
2. Karelian Autonomous Republic.
Ka•re′li•an, adj., n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Karelia - a region in Finland and Russia between the Gulf of Finland and the White Sea
Finland, Republic of Finland, Suomi - republic in northern Europe; achieved independence from Russia in 1917
Russian Federation, Russia - a federation in northeastern Europe and northern Asia; formerly Soviet Russia; since 1991 an independent state
Carelian, Karelian - a member of the Finnish people living in Karelia in northwestern European Russia