have long called wholism
(or holism) in reference to the global African sense of circular interdependence between people, the Earth and people, the cosmos to all, and last but not least, between spiritual and physical life.
Integral ecology is wholism
, when inner values find outer expression and mutual benefit everywhere.
Obviously, he is not saying that both predicaments are the same or that the histories are strictly analogous, nor is he returning to the cultural wholism
of Martin Buber's A Land of Two Peoples.
This finding, however, makes sense if one considers the idea of wholism
within health psychology, in which the mind is thought to influence the body.
is the belief that body and soul are one entity--that our physical identity, space and reason for being do not exist separately from the spiritual soul that accompanies the body (Steward, 1992).
What is needed is the willingness of provincial education author-ities to creatively strategize with government representatives in other ministries to cross the artificial boundaries created by bureaucracy to create policies that validate the wholism
and connectedness that is the rural way of life.
is evident within the nursing rhetoric, the New Zealand health care system, including nursing, is strongly influenced by a biomedical focus on illness or disease.
As evidenced by the distinction he makes between holism and wholism
(which most dictionaries treat as synonyms), semantics play an important role in Smith's pedagogy.
A way this is done is by causing a flaw in bonds present in the Cosmic Wholism
of which they are a part.
For Native American people whose point of view is wholism
, the importance is not to categorize and name but to ask the question 'what does it mean?