And it was through one of these poor priests, named William Langland
, that the sorrows of the people found a voice.
From the sixteenth century, at least, until very lately this work, the various versions of which differ greatly, has been supposed to be the single poem of a single author, repeatedly enlarged and revised by him; and ingenious inference has constructed for this supposed author a brief but picturesque biography under the name of William Langland
Cervone's literary samples range from William Langland
and Julian of Norwich, to the Middle English 'trewelove' ('four-leaf clover) poems, and other poetic works incorporating botanical motifs (lilies, roses, trees, and so forth).
For which literary work is the medieval writer William Langland
the presumed author?
see Pearsall, William Langland
, 21, and his notes to V.
The haunt of poets and painters - as far back as William Langland
in the 14th century - the Beacon has been the source of inspiration to many, from Masefield and Elgar through to modern artists such as David Prentice.
Cole's study presents a series of refreshing and compelling readings of the works of such canonical authors as William Langland
and Margery Kempe, situating them in relation to the emergence of Wycliffism and its effect on the literature of late medieval England.
Having exploded the persecuting template as a historiographical invention in the central chapters of his book, Cole turns to the literary manifestations of his more variegated culture to offer post-Wyclifite readings of a rich selection from the late 14th- and 15th-century vernacular canon, including William Langland
, Geoffrey Chaucer, John Lydgate and Margery Kempe.
Knowledge of such theological controversies, Kerby-Fulton tells us, is an essential, yet largely untapped means for contextualizing the writings of authors including William Langland
, Geoffrey Chaucer, Margery Kempe, and Julian of Norwich.
This attitude allows him to contentiously describe William Langland
as "the city's most important Edwardian author" (4), despite the fact that his production lasted until ca.
Clutterbuck's book can be read either as a survey that "chronicles the movement of serious public, religious poetry away from encounter with God" (203) proceeding from Middle English poetry through William Langland
and John Donne to John Milton, or as four stand-alone studies.
This iconography was adopted by English estates satirists in the late fourteenth century, most clearly by William Langland
and Geoffrey Chaucer.