From the sixteenth century, at least, until very lately this work, the various versions of which differ greatly, has been supposed to be the single poem of a single author, repeatedly enlarged and revised by him; and ingenious inference has constructed for this supposed author a brief but picturesque biography under the name of William Langland
For which literary work is the medieval writer William Langland
the presumed author?
The haunt of poets and painters - as far back as William Langland
in the 14th century - the Beacon has been the source of inspiration to many, from Masefield and Elgar through to modern artists such as David Prentice.
Cole's study presents a series of refreshing and compelling readings of the works of such canonical authors as William Langland
and Margery Kempe, situating them in relation to the emergence of Wycliffism and its effect on the literature of late medieval England.
Knowledge of such theological controversies, Kerby-Fulton tells us, is an essential, yet largely untapped means for contextualizing the writings of authors including William Langland
, Geoffrey Chaucer, Margery Kempe, and Julian of Norwich.
Clutterbuck's book can be read either as a survey that "chronicles the movement of serious public, religious poetry away from encounter with God" (203) proceeding from Middle English poetry through William Langland
and John Donne to John Milton, or as four stand-alone studies.
This iconography was adopted by English estates satirists in the late fourteenth century, most clearly by William Langland
and Geoffrey Chaucer.
English poet William Langland
, who predicted that lack of courtesy would be a mark of the antichrist, according to Saward in Catholic World Report, December 1994, issued a call to arms as it were: by the "gentle weapons" of Christian courtesy, such as reverence for the Blessed Sacrament, devotion to Our Lady, charity and chastity, can discourtesy be defeated.
At various points he calls upon, to select only a few of almost countless examples, the twelfth-century moralist Peter the Chanter, Dante's thirteenth-century friend Brunetto Latini, the fourteenth-century poets William Langland
and Geoffrey Chaucer, the fifteenth-century essayists Leon Battista Alberti and Christine de Pizan and the philosopher Marsilio Ficino, and the sixteenth-century satirists Francois Rabelais and Pietro Aretino.
, the reputed author of a long social allegory, Piers Plowman (1362-1387); .
Although William Caxton had published the works of Chaucer, Gower, and Malory, The Vision of Piers Plowman attributed to William Langland
was a notable exception.
For some time, scholars and readers of Chaucer have pondered his knowledge about one of the major poets of his day: William Langland