Across streams in treatments, logging slash and wind-throw buried some trapping stations or slightly altered portions of individual stream courses.
vehiculum may be lessened by retaining pre-harvest down-wood, with new down-wood, as a result of harvest operations and wind-throw.
Tree wind-throw caused by windstorms also altered strip and patch buffers causing dynamic inter-year structural changes.
In areas with shallow soils, or in narrow reserves along waterways, wind-throw may be prevalent.
Tree mortality or wind-throw can be a symptom of disease.
This old-field pine is susceptible to wind-throw
as it ages, and was an ideal site for the establishment of a young forest habitat.
The wind-throw is in mature Douglas Fir timber covering five or six acres and probably worth over $50,000.
This small area of wind-throw is just the tip of the iceberg of the tens of thousands of acres and many millions of dollars worth of bug-killed, fire-killed and wind-thrown timber on federal timberlands in Oregon.