Samples from birds representing 27 species from 9 orders were evaluated: Bali mynah (Leucopsar rothschildi; n = 9), black-necked stilt (n = 2), blue-crowned laughing thrush (Dryonastes courtoisv, n = 4), blue-crowned motmot (Momotus momota; n = 2), blue-faced honeyeater (Entomyzon cyanotis; n = 4), blue-grey tanager (n = 5), Bourke's parrot (Neophema bourkir, n = 6), Cape thick-knee (Burhinus capensis; n = 1), crested wood partridge (Rollulus roulroul, n = 7), emerald starling (Lamprotornis iris', n = 3), fairy bluebird (n = 5), golden-breasted starling (?
Because of the unknown trematode status of most of the above species at the time of recommendation, breeding was either suspended altogether (for blue-crowned motmots, blue-grey tanagers, crested wood partridge, emerald starlings, Inca terns, Micronesian kingfishers, pheasant pigeons, sunbitterns, and white-headed buffalo weavers) or artificial incubation of eggs and hand-rearing of chicks (lesser green broadbills and Bali mynahs) was performed to prevent chick exposure to the intermediate host.
From 2009 to 2014, 17 birds, hatched in Free Flight before identification of this issue, were transferred to other institutions based on Species Survival Plan recommendations, including Bali mynah, black-necked stilt, blue-grey tanager, red-crested wood partridge, green-naped pheasant pigeon, golden-breasted starling, hooded merganser, Nicobar pigeon, ruddy duck (Oxyura jamaicensis), and sunbittern.
These included 5 Bali mynahs, 2 fairy bluebirds, and 1 crested wood partridge.
Exhibit Species Deep Papuan (Blyth's) hornbill (Rliyticeros Forest (a) plicatus) Free Bali mynah (Leucopsar rothschildi) Flight (a) Black-necked stilt (Himantopus mexicanus) Blue-crowned motmot (Momotus momota) Blue-grey tanager (Thraupis episcopus) Crested wood partridge (Rollulus roulroul) Golden-breasted starling (Cosmopsarus regius) Green-naped pheasant pigeon (Otidiphaps nobilis) Inca tern (Larosterna inca) Nicobar pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) Sunbittern (Eurypyga helias) Forest Bourke's parrot (Neophema bourkii), Edge Nicobar pigeon (Caloenas nicobarica) Mountain Blue-faced honeyeater (Entomyzon Clearing (a) cyanotis) Laughing kookaburra (Dacelo novaeguineae) Masked lapwing (Vanellus miles) Propagation Bali mynah (Leucopsar rothschildi).