It may well be that these stories are not higher than fact nor yet true to fact: they are, very possibly, what Xenophanes
says of them.
In this respect the difference between them is like that between Xenophanes
Materialists Heraclitus, Pythagoras and Xenophanes
were followed by atomists like Leucippus (5 (th) century BCE) and his disciple Democritus (5 (th)-4 (th) century BCE), and by secular humanist Epicurus (4 (th)-3 (rd) century BCE), then by Euclid (born circa 300 BCE) and Archimedes (287-211 BCE).
And of course what the preceding might say about the trajectory from these early Milesians to Xenophanes
and the great Parmenides would likely shed light on the quasi-theological critique of cosmology in what the latter's goddess reveals to him.
and the Homeric Gods", en: The Kenyon Review, v.
1987, "Reason, Xenophanes
and the Homeric Gods", The Kenyon Review, vol.
Pre-Socratic influences here should include Xenophanes
(4) in the first place, but a harsh attitude towards the founding fathers of Greek [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] extended to Xenophanes
himself--is also very conspicuous in some Heraclitean fragments (5).
famously denounced mythological tales as [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] (1.
Her contribution is valuable not just for demonstrating how Martial alludes to poets such as Callimachus, Lucillius, Antipater, Parmenion and Xenophanes
, but especially for showing how he does so creatively both as a way of defining his own role in the epigrammatic tradition and as a way of commenting upon contemporary Rome.
Although the rule of reason was anticipated by Presocratic philosophers such as Xenophanes
, Heraclitus, and Anaxagoras, Plato was the first to articulate it through a series of principles:
Several classical ancient thinkers--including Xenophanes
, Socrates, Plato, (126) Aristotle, (127) Musonius Rufus, (128) and Plutarch (129)--developed ethical frameworks that found special value in bonds embodied in coitus and uniquely apt for family life.
X Yanguna spatiosa (Hewitson, 1870) X X Xenophanes
tryxus (Stoll, 1780) X