Yuan Shikai

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Yuan Shi·kai

also Yuan Shih-kai  (shē′kī′) 1859-1916.
Chinese politician and military leader. He replaced Sun Yat-sen as president of the first republican government but ruled as a dictator (1912-1916).
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Yuan Shih-k'ai took power (1912) he established himself as a warlord, ruling and defending his territory and acquiring an opium habit and great wealth; responding to an upsurge of nationalism, he overcame his opium addiction and went to Germany to study (1919); while in Europe, he met Chou En-lai and joined the Communist Party; returned to China and was commissioned a general and division commander in the KMT army (1926); as commander of the Nanchang garrison (in Jiangxi), he provided critical support for Chou's rebellion there (August 1, 1927); led Communist units into the countryside on the approach of massive KMT forces; joined Mao Tse-tung in south-western Kiangsi (Jiangxi) (May?
The Peiyang Army, Yuan Shih-k'ai, and the Origins of Modern Chinese Warlordism," The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol.
The Peiyang Army, Yuan Shih-k'ai and the Origins of Modern Chinese Warlordism," The Journal of Asian Studies, Vol.