Also found in: Thesaurus, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


A former country of southeast Europe bordering on the Adriatic Sea. It was formed in 1918 as the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes after the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire and was renamed Yugoslavia in 1929. Under the leadership of Marshal Tito, the country became a Communist-led regime after World War II. After Tito's death in 1980, economic problems and ethnic tensions grew. Communist party control ended in 1990, and four of the six constituent republics (Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, and Macedonia) declared independence in 1991. Serbia and Montenegro, the remaining states, abandoned the name Yugoslavia in 2003 and dissolved the federation entirely in 2006.

Yu′go·slav′ , Yu′go·sla′vi·an adj. & n.


(ˌjuːɡəʊˈslɑːvɪə) or


1. (Placename) Federal Republic of Yugoslavia a former country in SE Europe, comprising Serbia and Montenegro, that was formed in 1991 but not widely internationally recognized until 2000; it was replaced by the Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2003 (dissolved 2006)
2. (Placename) a former country in SE Europe, on the Adriatic: established in 1918 from the independent states of Serbia and Montenegro, and regions that until World War I had belonged to Austria-Hungary (Croatia, Slovenia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina); the name was changed from Kingdom of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes to Yugoslavia in 1929; German invasion of 1941–44 was resisted chiefly by a Communist group led by Tito, who declared a people's republic in 1945; it became the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1963; in 1991 Slovenia, Croatia, and Bosnia-Herzegovina declared independence, followed by Macedonia in 1992; Serbia and Montenegro formed the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, subsequently (2003) replaced by the Union of Serbia and Montenegro (dissolved 2006)


or Ju•go•sla•vi•a

(ˌyu goʊˈslɑ vi ə)

a federal republic in S Europe on the Adriatic: formed 1918 from the kingdoms of Serbia and Montenegro and part of Austria-Hungary; a federal republic 1945–91 comprising Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia; since 1992 comprising Serbia and Montenegro. 11,206,847; 39,449 sq. mi. (102,173 sq. km). Cap.: Belgrade.
Formerly (1918–29), Kingdom of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes.
Yu`go•sla′vi•an, adj., n.
Yu`go•slav′ic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.Yugoslavia - a mountainous republic in southeastern Europe bordering on the Adriatic Sea; formed from two of the six republics that made up Yugoslavia until 1992; Serbia and Montenegro were known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 2003 when they adopted the name of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro
Serbia, Srbija - a historical region in central and northern Yugoslavia; Serbs settled the region in the 6th and 7th centuries
Crna Gora, Montenegro - a former country bordering on the Adriatic Sea; now part of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro
Belgrade, Beograd, capital of Serbia and Montenegro - capital and largest city of Serbia and Montenegro; situated on the Danube
Danau, Danube, Danube River - the 2nd longest European river (after the Volga); flows from southwestern Germany to the Black Sea; "Vienna, Budapest, and Belgrade are on the banks of the Danube"
Jugoslav, Jugoslavian, Yugoslav, Yugoslavian - a native or inhabitant of Yugoslavia
2.Yugoslavia - a former country of southeastern Europe bordering the Adriatic Sea; formed in 1918 and named Yugoslavia in 1929; controlled by Marshal Tito as a communist state until his death in 1980; "Tito's Yugoslavia included Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Serbia, and Montenegro"


[ˈjuːgəʊˈslɑːvɪə] NYugoslavia f


[ˌjuːgəʊˈslɑːviə] nYougoslavie f
in the former Yugoslavia → en ex-Yougoslavie


n (Hist) → Jugoslawien nt (Hist); the former Yugoslaviadas ehemalige Jugoslawien, Ex-Jugoslawien nt (Press sl)


[ˌjuːgəʊˈslɑːvɪə] nJugoslavia
the former Yugoslavia → l'ex Jugoslavia
References in periodicals archive ?
Russia, Romania, and Bulgaria participated actively in the violation of the arms embargo on Yugoslavia making millions of dollars," the three-year investigation has concluded, as cited by BGNES.
As noted above, Yugoslavia started as a front runner in transition, yet went backwards first for 10 years.
To many Russians, the partition of Yugoslavia mirrored the Soviet Union's own disintegration.
In consequence, Yugoslavia faced a chronic surplus labor problem.
La historia moderna de Yugoslavia se puede dividir en tres etapas, a saber:
Like Iraq, Yugoslavia was a sovereign country that was bombed into submission for essentially internal infractions.
But there is plenty of nationalism to go around in the former Yugoslavia, where the United Nations-brokered peace is so fragile that many fear the day when the international troops go home.
There was neither a serious nor a sustained effort to reshape the region's basic institutions or place the various countries of the former Yugoslavia on a path toward achieving political stability, civic rights, and economic growth, as America did successfully in Germany and Japan after World War II.
The agreement to replace Yugoslavia with the new union was brokered by a European Union commission.
Yugoslavia - five points behind the leaders with a game in hand - are expected to present as formidable a challenge to Wales as Italy, the consensus being that a point away from home will be a good result for Hughes's men.
Croatian President Stjepan Mesic, who took over the rotating Yugoslav presidency in July, 1991, said Milosevic invoked the threat of war in his plan to 'restructure' Yugoslavia.
June 10/11 - Finland v Italy, Yugoslavia v Azerbaijan.