There were instead, as Yale historian Carlos Eire and others have pointed out, multiple Reformation movements happening within the Catholic Church in the century before Luther and the century after--and at least four different "Reformations" among the Protestant movement of the sixteenth century: Lutheran, Calvinist, Anabaptist, and Zwinglian
The General Baptists also followed Zwinglian
views about singing as an act of worship, which they inherited from continental Anabaptists who had been influenced by the Swiss reformer.
The point is clear: there were many diverse streams of renewal and spiritual innovation in the sixteenth century, and these resulted in various and competing patterns of reformation, including Lutheran, Zwinglian
, Calvinist, Anglican, Radical, and, not least, Catholic.
I'm still more in the rational Zwinglian
humanist tradition, while my colleague John Rempel from Toronto, an expert in Anabaptist understanding of liturgy and the lord's supper, definitely identifies more with classical sacramental theology.
The bracelet is, thus, conservative in function as well as in meaning; its powers of representation align more closely with High Anglican theology regarding Communion than with the almost Zwinglian
perspective Carew shows with regard to his ribbon.
Harris and Love present readers with a translation and examination of the works of Zurich-based Zwinglian
author Utz Eckstein.
in 1968 with a dissertation on "The Nature and Development of the Zwinglian
Reformation to August, 1524.
Although Calvin spoke of the sacraments as a symbol or an external sign, this should not be mistaken for the Zwinglian
Equally, if not more, important are the many missives shedding light on the inner conflict in the reformers' own camp: the Eucharistic controversy features especially prominently in Capito's letters to Lutheran reformers, and his acceptance of the Zwinglian
position--more or less--is preserved in both personal and official correspondence.
Rejecting both Zwinglian
and Anabaptist influences, the Unity may have remained closer to Lutheranism but Atwood concludes that it has been too "easy to overstate the Lutheran influence" (261).
Thus, Cranmer's sacramental thinking steers clear of Lutheran and Roman Catholic notions; yet, because they actually signify the working of God, he would not endorse Zwinglian
or Bucerian notions which seem to imply only an accidental relationship between the sacrament and God's act.
Wittenberg is 'the intellectual center of Lutheranism', whereas Wertenberg refers to the independent Rhineland Duchy of Wurttemberg, notable for uprisings by radical Zwinglian
Protestants during the early sixteenth century.