Daily Content Archive

(as of Sunday, May 15, 2011)
Word of the Day

carrel

Definition:(noun) A partially partitioned nook in or near the stacks in a library, used for private study.
Synonyms:cubicle, stall
Usage: There are too many distractions at home, so when I really need to study, I go to the library, find a secluded carrel, and study there.
Article of the Day

Kojiki

Shinto, Japan's indigenous religion, cannot be traced to its beginnings because until the 5th century—when Chinese writing was introduced into Japan—the myths and rituals were transmitted orally. Although Shinto has no founder and no official scripture, its mythology and ancient beliefs and customs are collected in the Kojiki—"Record of Ancient Matters." Prepared under imperial order in the early 8th century, it is the oldest extant chronicle in Japan. What myths does it include? More...
This Day in History

US Supreme Court Declares Standard Oil an "Unreasonable" Monopoly (1911)

By 1880, through elimination of competitors, mergers, and railroad rebates, John D. Rockefeller's Standard Oil controlled the refining of up to 95 percent of all oil produced in the US. In 1892, the Ohio Supreme Court ordered the trust dissolved, but it continued to operate. Exposed in Ida Tarbell's History of the Standard Oil Company in 1904, it was broken up in 1911 after a lengthy antitrust suit by the US government. What current oil companies have ties to the former Standard Oil? More...
Today's Birthday

L. Frank Baum (1856)

Baum was an American author of more than 70 children's books who is best known for penning The Wonderful Wizard of Oz. He moved from New York to South Dakota in 1888. When his newspaper there failed, he moved to Illinois and found work as a journalist. His first children's book, Mother Goose in Prose (1897), was followed by Father Goose: His Book, an immediate bestseller. In 2006, Baum's descendants apologized for editorials in which he called for the extermination of whom? More...
Quotation of the Day
The louder he talked of his honor, the faster we counted our spoons.

Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

Idiom of the Day

a falling out

A severe quarrel or disagreement, especially one that leads to a temporary or permanent end of a relationship. More...
Today's Holiday

Sanja Matsuri

Sanja Matsuri, one of the most spectacular festivals in Tokyo, Japan, honors the three fishermen brothers who founded the Asakusa Kannon Temple in the 14th century. The festival has been held each year since the late 1800s. More than 100 portable shrines called mikoshi are paraded through the streets to the gates of the temple. Carrying them are men in happi coats—the traditional short laborers' jackets—worn to advertise their districts. There are also priests on horseback, musicians playing "sanja-bayashi" festival music, and dancers in traditional costume. More...
In the News

Antiretroviral Drugs Cut HIV Transmission

Beginning an antiretroviral drug regimen immediately after being diagnosed with HIV, rather than waiting until one's white blood cell count falls and one's health is in decline, can cut the risk of spreading the virus to uninfected partners by as much as 96 percent. In a study of 1,763 couples in which one partner was HIV-positive and one was not, there was only one case of HIV transmission between partners among those who immediately began antiretroviral therapy. There were 27 transmissions in the group receiving treatment only when their health declined. More...
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