Pronunciation Key

ă pat k kick, cat, pique o̅o̅ boot
ā pay l (nēd'l) lid, needle* ou out
â care m mum p pop
ä father n (sŭd'n) no, sudden* r roar
b bib ng thing s sauce
ch church ŏ pot sh ship, dish
d deed, milled ō toe t tight, stopped
ĕ pet ô caught, paw, for, horrid, hoarse** th thin
ē bee oi noise th this
f fife, phase, rough o͝o took ŭ cut
g gag û urge, term, firm, word, heard ər butter
h hat v valve    
hw which w with Foreign
ĭ pit y yes œ French feu, German schön
ī pie, by z zebra, xylem ű French tu, German űber
î pier zh vision, pleasure, garage KH German ich, Scottish loch
j judge ə about, item, edible, gallop, circus French bon (bôⁿ)***

*In English the consonants l and n often constitute complete syllables by themselves.

**Regional pronunciations of -or- vary. In pairs such as for, four; horse, hoarse; and morning, mourning, the vowel varies between (ô) and (ō). In this Dictionary these vowels are represented as follows: for (fôr), four (fôr, fōr); horse (hôrs), hoarse (hôrs, hōrs); and morning (môr′ning), mourning (môr′ning, mōr′-). Other words for which both forms are shown include more, glory, and borne. A similar variant occurs in words such as coral, forest, and horrid, where the pronunciation of o before r varies between (ô) and (ŏ). In these words the (ôr) pronunciation is given first: forest (fôr′ist, fŏr′-).

***The Dictionary uses ⁿ to reflect that the preceding vowel is nasalized.