dhghem- / Indo-European roots

dhghem-

Earth.

Oldest form *dhg̑hem-, becoming *dhghem- in centum languages.

Derivatives include bridegroom, chameleon, homicide.

1. Suffixed zero-grade form *(dh)ghm̥-on-, "earthling" bridegroom from Old English guma, man, from Germanic *gumōn-.
2. O-grade form *dh(e)ghom-. chthonic; allochthon, autochthon from Greek khthōn, earth.
3. Zero-grade form *dhghm̥-. chamaephyte, chameleon, chamomile, germander from Greek khamai, on the ground.
4. Suffixed o-grade form *(dh)ghom-o-. humble, humiliate, humility, humus1; exhume, inhume, transhumance from Latin humus, earth.
5. Suffixed o-grade form *(dh)ghom-on-, "earthling"
a. homage, hombre1, hominid, hominin, Homo, homunculus, ombre, omerta; bonhomie, homicide from Latin homō, human being, man;
b. human, humane from Latin hūmānus, human, kind, humane (in part from dhghem-).
6. Suffixed form *(dh)ghem-yā-. chernozem, sierozem, zemstvo from Old Russian zemĭ, land, earth.
7. Full-grade form *(dh)ghem-. zamindar from Persian zamīn, earth, land.

[Pokorny g̑hđem- 414.]



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