eghs / Indo-European roots

eghs

Out.

Oldest form *eg̑hs, becoming *eghs in centum languages.

Derivatives include strange, extreme.

1. Variant *eks.
a. ex1, ex-; deus ex machina from Latin ex, ex-, out of, away from;
b. ecto-, ex-, exo-, exoteric, exotic; ekpyrotic, electuary, lekvar, synecdoche from Greek ex, ek, out of, from.
2. Suffixed (comparative) variant form *eks-tero-.
a. estrange, exterior, external, extra-, strange from Latin exter, outward (feminine ablative exterā, extrā, on the outside);
b. further suffixed (superlative) form *eks-t(e)r-ēmo-. extreme, extremum from Latin extrēmus, outermost (*-mo-, superlative suffix).
3. Suffixed form *eghs-ko-. eschatology from Greek eskhatos, outermost, last.
4. Celtic *eks-, out (of), in compound *eks-dī-sedo- (see sed-)
5. samizdat from Russian iz, from, out of, from Balto-Slavic *iz.

[Pokorny eg̑hs 292.]



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