gʷelə- / Indo-European roots

gwelə-

To throw, reach, with further meaning to pierce.

Oldest form *gwelh1-, with metathesized variant *gwleh1-, becoming *gwlē-.

Derivatives include devil, emblem, metabolism, parliament, problem, symbol, ballet, kill1.

I. Words denoting to throw, reach. Variant *gwlē-, contracted from *gwleə-.
1. Suffixed zero-grade form *gwl̥-n-ə-. a. ballista; amphibole, arbalest, astrobleme, bolide, devil, diabolical, embolism, emboly, epiboly, hyperbola, hyperbole, metabolism, palaver, parable, parabola, parley, parliament, parlor, parol, parole, Polari, problem, symbol from Greek ballein, to throw (with o-grade *bol- and variant *blē-); b. ball2, ballad, ballet, bayadere from Greek ballizein, to dance.
2. Suffixed o-grade form *gwol(ə)-ā-. bolometer from Greek bolē, beam, ray.
3. Possible suffixed o-grade form *gwol(ə)-sā-. boule1, abulia from Greek boulē, determination, will (< "throwing forward of the mind"), council.
4. Suffixed full-grade form *gwelə-mno-. belemnite from Greek belemnon, dart, javelin.
II. Words denoting to pierce.
1. Suffixed o-grade form *gwol-eyo-. a. quell from Old English cwellan, to kill, destroy; b. quail2 from Middle Dutch quelen, to be ill, suffer. Both a and b from Germanic *kwaljan.
2. Suffixed zero-grade form *gwl̥-yo-. kill1 from Middle English killen, to kill, perhaps from Old English *cyllan, to kill, from Germanic *kuljan.
3. Full-grade form *gwel-. belonephobia from Greek belonē, needle.

[Pokorny 2. g̒ͧel- 471, 1. g̒ͧel- 470.]



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