kʷo- / Indo-European roots

kwo-

Stem of relative and interrogative pronouns.

Derivatives include who, whether, either, quorum, quip, quality.

1.
a. who, whose, whom from Old English hwā, hwæs, hwǣm, who, whose, whom, from Germanic personal pronouns *hwas, *hwasa, *hwam;
b. what from Old English hwæt, what, from Germanic pronoun *hwat;
c. why from Old English hwȳ, why, from Germanic adverb *hwī;
d. which from Old English hwilc, hwelc, which, from Germanic relative pronoun *hwa-līk- (*līk-, body, form; see līk-);
e. how from Old English , how, from Germanic adverb *hwō;
f. (i) when from Old English hwenne, hwanne, when; (ii) whence from Old English hwanon, whence. Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic adverb *hwan-;
g. whither from Old English hwider, whither, from Germanic adverb *hwithrē;
h. where from Old English hwǣr, where, from Germanic adverb *hwar-. a-h all from Germanic *hwa-, *hwi-.
2.
a. whether; neither from Old English hwæther, hwether, which of two, whether;
b. either from Old English ǣghwæther, ǣther, either, from Germanic phrase *aiwo gihwatharaz, "ever each of two" (*aiwo, *aiwi, ever, and *gi-, from *ga-, collective prefix; see aiw- and kom). Both a and b from Germanic *hwatharaz.
3. qua, quibble, quorum from Latin quī, who.
4. hidalgo, quiddity, quidnunc, quip; kickshaw from Latin quid, what, something.
5. quasi from Latin quasi, as if (< quam + , if; see swo-), from quam, as, than, how.
6. quodlibet from Latin quod, what.
7. Suffixed form *kwo-ti.
a. quote, quotidian, quotient; aliquot from Latin quot, how many;
b. further suffixed form *kwo-ty-o-. posology from Greek posos, how much.
8. quondam from Latin quom, when.
9. cooncan from Latin quem, whom.
10. quantity from Latin quantus, how great.
11. quality; kickshaw from Latin quālis, of what kind.
12. cue2 from Latin quandō, when (from *kwām + -dō, to, til; see de-)
13. neuter from Latin uter, either of two, ultimately from *kwo-tero- (becoming -cuter in such compounds as necuter, neither, from which uter was abstracted out by false segmentation).
14. ubiquity from Latin ubi, where, ultimately from locative case *kwo-bhi (becoming -cubi in such compounds as alicubi, somewhere, from which ubi was abstracted out by false segmentation, perhaps under the influence of ibi, there).
15. cheese3 from Old Persian *ciš-ciy, something (< *kwid-kwid).

[Pokorny k̒ͧo- 644.]



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