mā- / Indo-European roots


Good; with derivatives meaning "occurring at a good moment, timely, seasonable, early.

" Oldest form *meh2-, colored to *mah2-, becoming *mā-.
1. Suffixed form *mā-tu-.
a. Further suffixed form *mā-tu-ro-. mature; immature, premature from Latin mātūrus, seasonable, ripe, mature;
b. further suffixed form *mā-tu-to-. matinee, matins, matutinal from Latin Mātūta, name of the goddess of dawn.
2. Suffixed form *mā-ni-.
a. mañana from Latin māne, (in) the morning;
b. manes from Latin mānis, mānus, good.

[Pokorny 2. mā- 693.]



A linguistic near-universal found in many of the world's languages, often in reduplicated form.
1. mamma2, mammal, mammilla, mamoncillo from Latin mamma, breast.
2. Probably from this root is Greek Maia, "good mother" (respectful form of address to old women), also nurse Maia, maieutic; maiasaura
3. mama more recently formed in the same way.

[Pokorny 3. 694.]

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