merg- / Indo-European roots


Boundary, border.

Oldest form *merg̑-, becoming *merg- in centum languages.

Derivatives include marquee, demarcation, margin.

a. mark1 from Old English mearc, boundary, landmark, sign, trace;
b. margrave from Middle Dutch marc, border;
c. march2, marquee, marquis, marquise from Old French marc, marche, border country;
d. marchese, marchioness from Medieval Latin marca, boundary, border;
e. demarcation from Old Italian marcare, to mark out;
f. mark2 from Old English marc, a mark of weight or money;
g. markka from Swedish mark, a mark of money;
h. marka from Middle High German marke, mark of money. a-h all from Germanic *mark-, boundary, border territory; also to mark out a boundary by walking around it (ceremonially "beating the bounds"); also a landmark, boundary marker, and a mark in general (and in particular a mark on a metal currency bar, hence a unit of currency); these various meanings are widely represented in Germanic descendants and in Romance borrowings.
2. letters of marque, marquetry; remark from Old Norse merki, a mark, from Germanic *markja-, mark, border.
3. marc, march1 from Frankish *markōn, to mark out, from Germanic denominative verb *markōn.
4. margin; emarginate from Latin margō, border, edge.
5. Celtic variant form *mrog-, territory, land. Cymry from Welsh Cymro, Wales, from British Celtic *kom-brogos, fellow countryman (*kom-, collective prefix; see kom) , from *brogos, district.

[Pokorny mereg̑- 738.]

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