mregh-u- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root mregh-u-: abbreviate, amphibrach, brace, bracero, brachium, brachy-, brief, brumal, merry, mirth, pretzel, tribrach.

mregh-u-

Short.

Oldest form *mreg̑h-u-, becoming *mregh-u- in centum languages.
I. Suffixed form *mregh-wi-. brief, brumal; abbreviate, abridge from Latin brevis, short.
II. Zero-grade form *mr̥ghu-.
1. a. merry from Old English myrge, mirige, pleasant; b. mirth from Old English myrgth, pleasure, joy, from Germanic *murgithō, pleasantness. Both a and b from Germanic *murgja-, short, also pleasant, joyful.
2. brachy-; amphibrach, tribrach from Greek brakhus, short.
3. brace, bracero, brachium, brassard, brassiere, pretzel; abrachia, embrace from Greek comparative brakhiōn, shorter, hence also "upper arm" (as opposed to the longer forearm).

[Pokorny mreg̑hu- 750.]



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