sal- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root sal-: halo-, sal, salad, salami, salary, sali-, saline, salt, saltcellar, saltpeter, salumi, sauce, silt, solonchak, souse.



1. Extended form *sald-.
a. Suffixed form *sald-o-. salt from Old English sealt, salt, from Germanic *saltam;
b. (i) souse1 from Old French sous, pickled meat; (ii) silt from Middle English cylte, fine sand, from a source probably akin to Danish and Norwegian sylt, salt marsh. Both (i) and (ii) from Germanic zero-grade suffixed extended form *sult-jō;
c. salsa, sauce, sausage from Latin sallere (past participle salsus < *sald-to-), to salt.
2. sal, salad, salami, salary, sali-, saline; salmagundi, saltcellar, saltpeter from Latin sāl (genitive salis), salt.
3. halo- from Greek hals (stem hal-), salt, sea.
4. solonchak from Russian solonets, salty soil, akin to Old Church Slavonic slanŭ, salty, from Common Slavic *solnŭ.

[Pokorny 1. sal- 878.]

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