Basic form *sker-
1. a. shear from Old English scieran, sceran, to cut; b. sheer1 from Low German scheren, to move to and fro, and Dutch scheren, to withdraw, depart. Both a and b from Germanic *skeran.
2. a. share2 from Old English scēar, plowshare; b. share1 from Old English scearu, scaru, portion, division (but recorded only in the sense of "fork of the body" "tonsure"). Both a and b from Germanic *skeraz.
3. a. shear
from Old English scēar
, scissors, from Germanic *skēr-ō
, "sword protector" scabbard (*berg-
, protector; see bhergh-1
from Old French escauberc
, scabbard, possibly from a Germanic source akin to Old High German scarberc
, scabbard. Both a
from Germanic *skēr-
4. score from Old Norse skor, notch, tally, twenty, from Germanic *skur-.
5. scar2, skerry from Old Norse sker, low reef (< "something cut off"), from Germanic suffixed form *skar-jam.
6. Suffixed o-grade extended form *skorp-o-. scarf2 from Old Norse skarfr, diagonally-cut end of a board, from Germanic *skarfaz.
7. Suffixed o-grade extended form *skord-o-. shard from Old English sceard, a cut, notch, from Germanic *skardaz.
8. Extended form *skerd- in suffixed zero-grade form *skr̥d-o-. a. short from Old English scort, sceort, "cut" short; b. shirt from Old English scyrte, skirt (< "cut piece"); c. skirt from Old Norse skyrta, shirt. a-c all from Germanic *skurtaz.
9. a. Scaramouch, scrimmage, skirmish from Old French eskermir, to fight with a sword, fence, and Old Italian scaramuccia, skirmish, from a source akin to Old High German skirmen, to protect; b. screen from Middle Dutch scherm, shield. Both a and b from Germanic extended form *skerm-.
10. Variant form *kar-. carnage, carnal, carnassial, carnation, carnival, carrion, caruncle, charnel, crone; carne asada, carnivorous, carnosaur, charcuterie, incarnate from Latin carō (stem carn-), flesh.
11. Suffixed o-grade form *kor-yo-. coriaceous, corium, cuirass, currier; excoriate from Latin corium, leather (originally "piece of hide").
12. Suffixed zero-grade form *kr̥-to-. curt, curtal, kirtle from Latin curtus, short.
13. Suffixed o-grade form *kor-mo-. corm from Greek kormos, a trimmed tree trunk.
14. Suffixed o-grade form *kor-i-. coreopsis from Greek koris, bedbug (< "cutter").
15. Suffixed zero-grade form *skr̥-ā-. shore1 from Old English scora, shore, from Germanic *skur-ō.
Extended root *skerb(h)-
1. a. sharp from Old English scearp, sharp; b. scarp from Italian scarpa, embankment, possibly from a Germanic source akin to Gothic skarpō, pointed object. Both a and b from Germanic *skarpaz, cutting, sharp.
2. a. scrap1 from Old Norse skrap, "pieces" remains; b. scrape from Old Norse skrapa, to scratch. Both a and b from Germanic *skrap-.
3. a. scrabble from Middle Dutch schrabben, to scrape; b. scrub1 from Middle Dutch schrobben, to scrape. Both a and b from Germanic *skrab-.
4. shrub1 from Old English scrybb, shrub (< "rough plant"), from Germanic *skrub-.
5. scrobiculate from Latin scrobis, trench, ditch.
6. screw, scrofula from Latin scrōfa, a sow (< "rooter, digger").
[Pokorny 4. (s)ker-, Section I. 938.]