sper- / Indo-European roots

Examples of words with the root sper-: bowsprit, cyclosporiasis, Diaspora, sperm, sporadic, spore, sporo-, sprawl, spread, sprit, spritz, spritzer, sprout.

sper-

To strew.

Derivatives include sprawl, sperm1, sporadic.

I. Zero-grade form *spr-.
1. sprawl from Old English sprēawlian, to sprawl, from Germanic *spr-.
2. Extended form *spreud-. a. sprout from Old English -sprūtan, to sprout (only in ā-sprūtan, to sprout forth); b. spritz, spritzer from Middle High German sprützen, to spurt, spray; c. sprit from Old English sprēot, pole (< "sprout, stem"); d. bowsprit from Middle Low German bōchsprēt, bowsprit. a-d all from Germanic *sprūt-.
3. Extended form *spreit-. spray2, spread from Old English -sprǣdan, to spread, from Germanic *spraidjan.
II. Basic form *sper-.
1. Suffixed form *sper-yo-. Diaspora from Greek speirein, to scatter, with derivative sporā, a scattering, sowing (see III. 1.).
2. Suffixed form *sper-mn̥. sperm1 from Greek sperma, sperm, seed (< "that which is scattered").
III. O-grade form *spor-.
1. Suffixed form *spor-ā-. spore, sporo- from Greek sporā, a sowing, seed.
2. Suffixed form *spor-n̥d-. sporadic from Greek sporas (stem sporad-), scattered, dispersed.
IV. Extended Germanic root *sprē(w)-. spray1 from Middle Dutch spraeien, sprayen, to sprinkle, from Germanic *sprēwjan.

[Pokorny 2. (s)p(h)er- 993.]



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