steig- / Indo-European roots


To stick; pointed.

Partly blended with stegh-

Derivatives include stitch, ticket, instinct, stigma, tiger, steak.

I. Zero-grade form *stig-.
1. stickleback from Old English sticel, a prick, sting, from Germanic suffixed form *stik-ilaz.
2. Suffixed form *stig-i-. stitch from Old English stice, a sting, prick, from Germanic *stikiz.
3. stick from Old English sticca, stick, from Germanic expressive form *stikkōn-.
4. etiquette, ticket from Old French estiquier, to stick, from Germanic stative *stikkēn, "to be stuck"
5. snickersnee from Middle Dutch steken, to stick, stab, from Germanic blended variant *stekan.
6. Nasalized zero-grade form *sti-n-g-. distinguish, extinguish, instinct from Latin stinguere, to quench, perhaps originally to prick, and its apparent derivative dīstinguere, to separate (phonological and semantic transitions obscure).
7. Suffixed form *stig-yo-. stigma; astigmatism from Greek stizein, to prick, tattoo.
8. Suffixed reduced form *tig-ro-. tiger from Greek tigris, tiger (from its stripes), from the same Iranian source as Old Persian tigra-, sharp, pointed, and Avestan tighri-, arrow.
II. Basic form *(s)teig-.
1. instigate from Latin īnstīgāre, to urge, from -stīgāre, to spur on, prod.
2. raita from Sanskrit tejate (verbal adjective tikta-), it is sharp.
III. Suffixed o-grade form *stoig-ā-. steak from Old Norse steik, roast, steak, and steikja, to roast (on a spit), from Germanic *staikō.
IV. Extended variant form *teigs-. a. thistle from Old English thistel; b. distelfink from Old High German distil, thistle. Both a and b from Germanic *thistilaz, perhaps simplified from earlier *thīhstilaz..

[Pokorny (s)teig- 1016.]

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