uper / Indo-European roots

uper

Over.

Derivatives include over, sovereign, sirloin, soprano, somersault.

1. Extended form *uperi.
a. over, over- from Old English ofer, over;
b. uber- from Old High German ubar, uber (preposition) and ubari, uberi (adverb), over;
c. orlop from Middle Low German over, over. a-c all from Germanic *uberi.
2. Variant form *(s)uper.
a. soubrette, sovereign, super-, superable, superior, supreme, supremo, sur-; sirloin from Latin super, super-, above, over;
b. suffixed form *(s)uper-no-. supernal from Latin supernus, above, upper, top;
c. suffixed form *super-bhw-o-, "being above" (*bhw-o-, being; see bheuə-) superb from Latin superbus, superior, excellent, arrogant;
d. suffixed (superlative) reduced form *sup-mo-. sum1, summit from Latin summus, highest, topmost;
e. suffixed form *super-o-. sopranino, soprano, supra-; somersault from Latin suprā (feminine ablative singular), above, beyond.
3. Basic form *uper. hyper- from Greek huper, over.

[Pokorny upér 1105.]



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