wrād- / Indo-European roots

wrād-

Branch, root.

Oldest form *wreh2d-, colored to *wrah2d-, becoming *wrād-.

Derivatives include root1, wort, radish, licorice.

I. Basic form *wrād-. root1; rutabaga from Old Norse rōt, root, from Germanic *wrōt-.
II. Zero-grade form *wr̥əd-.
1. a. wort1 from Old English wyrt, plant, herb; b. Gewürztraminer from Old High German wurz, plant, root; c. mangel-wurzel from German Wurzel, root (< *wurzwala, rootstock; *-wala, a roll, round stem; see wel-2). a-c all from Germanic *wurtiz.
2. Suffixed form *wr̥əd-yā-. wort2 from Old English wyrt, brewer's wort, from Germanic *wurtjō-.
3. radical, radicle, radish, radix; deracinate, eradicate, irradicable from Latin rādīx, root.
4. Suffixed form *wrəd-mo-. ramose, ramus; ramify from Latin rāmus, branch.
5. Perhaps suffixed reduced form *wr̥(ə)d-ya. rhizo-, rhizome; coleorhiza, licorice, mycorrhiza from Greek rhiza, root.

[Pokorny u̯(e)rād- 1167.]



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