ʕrb / Semitic roots

Examples of words with the root ʕrb: arbiter, earnest, eruv.


To enter, stand surety or bail for, guarantee.

1. arbiter, from Latin arbiter, judge, from Phoenician (Punic) *ʕarb, surety, guarantee.
2. earnest2, from Greek arrabōn, from Canaanite *ʕirrabōn, pledge, surety, akin to Hebrew ʕērābôn, from *ʕaraba, to enter, stand surety for.
3. eruv, from post-Biblical Hebrew ʕêrûb, eruv, verbal noun of ʕērēb, to mix, denominative verb from Hebrew ʕēreb, mixture (perhaps < *"an entering among").
4. Arabic root form ġrb, to depart. Maghreb, Morocco, from Arabic maġrib, place where the sun sets, west, from ġaraba, to depart, set (of the sun).

Browse all Indo-European or Semitic roots.