Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.


A mammal (Proteles cristatus) of southern and eastern Africa, similar to a hyena but feeding mainly on termites and insect larvae.

[Afrikaans : aarde, earth (from Middle Dutch aerde; see er- in Indo-European roots) + wolf, wolf (from Middle Dutch; see wl̥kwo- in Indo-European roots).]


n, pl -wolves
(Animals) a nocturnal mammal, Proteles cristatus, that inhabits the plains of southern Africa and feeds on termites and insect larvae: family Hyaenidae (hyenas), order Carnivora (carnivores)
[C19: from Afrikaans, from aarde earth + wolf wolf]



n., pl. -wolves.
a shaggy, striped African carnivore, Proteles cristatus, related to the hyena, that subsists largely on termites and insect larvae.
[1825–35; < Afrikaans erdwolf < Dutch aardwolf=aarde earth + wolf wolf]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aardwolf - striped hyena of southeast Africa that feeds chiefly on insectsaardwolf - striped hyena of southeast Africa that feeds chiefly on insects
hyaena, hyena - doglike nocturnal mammal of Africa and southern Asia that feeds chiefly on carrion
References in periodicals archive ?
For the adventurous person in your life how about adopting an aardwolf or a binturong?
In contrast, intact sweet receptor genes were found in aardwolf, Canadian otter, spectacled bear, raccoon, and red wolf.
Taking the concept Aardwolf as an example (see Figure 3), the main web page content includes physical characteristics, distribution and habitat, behaviour, and interaction with humans.
Sy dink aan haar vertrek destyds as 'n verdwyning "soos die grys aardwolf wat sy eie seisoen kies vir terugkom" (24), met haar ontvlugting uit Swakopmund was die geel taxi vir haar "verlossend [.
Take Archie the Aardwolf (from hell), who's in ITV1's Wild At Heart this Sunday.
He certainly had to have his wits about him on Wild At Heart while working with dangerous and unpredictable animals including a white lion, a hyena and an aardwolf.