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Related to Aardwolves: Proteles cristata


A mammal (Proteles cristatus) of southern and eastern Africa, similar to a hyena but feeding mainly on termites and insect larvae.

[Afrikaans : aarde, earth (from Middle Dutch aerde; see er- in Indo-European roots) + wolf, wolf (from Middle Dutch; see wl̥kwo- in Indo-European roots).]


n, pl -wolves
(Animals) a nocturnal mammal, Proteles cristatus, that inhabits the plains of southern Africa and feeds on termites and insect larvae: family Hyaenidae (hyenas), order Carnivora (carnivores)
[C19: from Afrikaans, from aarde earth + wolf wolf]



n., pl. -wolves.
a shaggy, striped African carnivore, Proteles cristatus, related to the hyena, that subsists largely on termites and insect larvae.
[1825–35; < Afrikaans erdwolf < Dutch aardwolf=aarde earth + wolf wolf]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aardwolf - striped hyena of southeast Africa that feeds chiefly on insectsaardwolf - striped hyena of southeast Africa that feeds chiefly on insects
hyaena, hyena - doglike nocturnal mammal of Africa and southern Asia that feeds chiefly on carrion
References in periodicals archive ?
However, in behaviourally and physically monomorphic carnivores, like aardwolves Proteles cristatus, one would predict minimal sex differences in early development (Sliwa 1996).
Red wolves, Canadian otters and aardwolves (hyena relatives that stalk termites) turn out not to have lost their genetic sweet spot.
This finding is consistent with data from aardwolves (Nel & Bothma 2002) and agrees well with the suggested social structure of brown hyaenas; i.
2002: Scent marking and midden use by aardwolves (Proteles cristatus) in the Namib Desert.
These include the aardwolves of Africa, the aardvarks ("ground pig" in Afrikaans) and the pangolins of Africa and Asia, and the numbats and echidnas, primitive egg-laying mammals of Australia.
1986, Skinner and Smithers 1990), the consensus is that aardwolves belong to the Hyaenidae (Wayne et al.
The degeneration of cheek teeth of aardwolves is thought to be an adaption to their diet, one of the most specialized of all the Carnivora.
As a consequence of this, and of the fact that aardwolves apparently do not forage for insects other than termites, their food intake is reduced by as much as 80% during the winter months, a period thought to be energetically stressful for them (Richardson 1987a).
For example, carnivorous mammals' descendants that now shun meat include honey badgers, bamboo-eating pandas, and termite-slurping aardwolves.