aback


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Related to aback: taken aback

a·back

 (ə-băk′)
adv.
1. By surprise: He was taken aback by her caustic remarks.
2. Nautical In such a way that the wind pushes against the forward side of a sail or sails.
3. Archaic Back; backward.

aback

(əˈbæk)
adv
1. startled or disconcerted
2. (Nautical Terms) nautical (of a vessel or sail) having the wind against the forward side so as to prevent forward motion
3. rare towards the back; backwards
[Old English on bæc to the back]

a•back

(əˈbæk)

adv.
1. with the wind against the forward side of the sail.
2. toward the back.
Idioms:
take aback, to surprise; disconcert.
[before 1000; Middle English; Old English on bæc to the rear. See a-1, on, back1]

aback

- Originated in sailing, as a ship was taken aback when a strong gust of wind suddenly blew the sails back against the mast, causing the ship to stop momentarily.
See also related terms for sailing.

aback

When the wind blows on the wrong side of the sail, preventing forward motion.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adv.1.aback - having the wind against the forward side of the sailsaback - having the wind against the forward side of the sails; "the ship came up into the wind with all yards aback"
2.aback - by surpriseaback - by surprise; "taken aback by the caustic remarks"

aback

adverb
take someone aback surprise, throw, shock, stun, confuse, astonish, stagger, startle, bewilder, astound, disconcert, bowl over (informal), stupefy, floor (informal), knock for six, dumbfound, leave open-mouthed, nonplus, flabbergast (informal) He was taken aback when a man answered the phone.

aback

adverb
Without adequate preparation:
Idiom: by surprise.
Translations
اجأ
překvapenýzaraženýzpět
forbløffet
malantaŭen
pakkistagasitagaspiditagurpidi
جاخوردنغافلگیرشدنیکه خوردن
pakkitaaksepäintakaisintakanatakaosa
पीछ॓ की ओर
agndofa
priblokštas
pārsteigts
bieg wstecznydo tyłuwsteczz tyłu
atrazpelo contrariopor detraz ás avessas
naspäť
đằng saulùi lạitrở lạivề

aback

[əˈbæk] ADV to take abackdesconcertar, sorprender
to be taken abackquedarse desconcertado, sorprenderse
I was quite taken aback by the newsla noticia me causó gran sorpresa, la noticia me dejó desconcertado

aback

[əˈbæk] adv
to be taken aback → être décontenancé(e)
to be taken aback by sth
I was taken aback by his reaction → Sa réaction m'a décontenancé.

aback

adv to be taken abackerstaunt sein; (= upset)betroffen sein

aback

[əˈbæk] adv to be taken abackessere colto/a or preso/a alla sprovvista, rimanere sconcertato/a

aback

(əˈbӕk) : taken aback
surprised and usually rather upset. She was taken aback by his rudeness.
References in classic literature ?
Laurence, who looked quite taken aback, and held out her hand, saying, with only a small quaver in her voice, "I came to thank you, sir, for.
Maybe he did kick me, and I didn't observe it, I was so taken all aback with his brow, somehow.
My resistance was so entirely unexpected that Covey seemed taken all aback.
Martha looked rather taken aback but she looked pleased, too.
Lorry was so taken aback, that he looked quite stupidly at Mr.
I might have known that he would never help me out; but it took me aback to have to shape the question afresh, as if it were quite new.
They were a good deal taken aback, and after a little consultation one and all tumbled down the fore companion, thinking no doubt to take us on the rear.
He was so vexed with his own folly, and so taken aback at the disaster, that he did not attempt to explain his conduct, and things would have gone badly with him if his friends the fairies had not softened the hearts of his captors, so that they once more allowed him to leave quietly.
Sancho was taken aback at the sight of them, nor did Don Quixote altogether relish them: the one pulled up his ass by the halter, the other his hack by the bridle, and they stood still, watching anxiously to see what all this would turn out to be, and found that the lights were approaching them, and the nearer they came the greater they seemed, at which spectacle Sancho began to shake like a man dosed with mercury, and Don Quixote's hair stood on end; he, however, plucking up spirit a little, said:
Taken aback by the sight of a total stranger, who bowed with a tolerably awkward air, she looked at me with a coolly courteous expression and an adorable pout, in which I, who knew her secret, could read the full extent of her disappointment.
Arthur was so taken aback that he did not for a moment know what to do or say, and before any impulse of violence could seize him he realized the place and the occasion, and stood silent, waiting.
And yet the fact remains that, had the wind failed and the fleet lost steerage way, or, worse still, had it been taken aback from the eastward, with its leaders within short range of the enemy's guns, nothing, it seems, could have saved the headmost ships from capture or destruction.