abandon


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to abandon: Reckless Abandon

a·ban·don

 (ə-băn′dən)
tr.v. a·ban·doned, a·ban·don·ing, a·ban·dons
1. To withdraw one's support or help from, especially in spite of duty, allegiance, or responsibility; desert: abandon a friend in trouble.
2. To give up by leaving or ceasing to operate or inhabit, especially as a result of danger or other impending threat: abandoned the ship.
3. To surrender one's claim to, right to, or interest in; give up entirely: abandon a belief. See Synonyms at relinquish.
4. To cease trying to continue; desist from: abandoned the search for the missing hiker.
5. To yield (oneself) completely, as to emotion.
n.
Great enthusiasm or lack of restraint: skied with abandon.

[Middle English abandounen, from Old French abandoner, from a bandon, at one's own discretion, without restraint : a, at (from Latin ad; see ad-) + bandon, control; see bhā- in Indo-European roots.]

a·ban′don·er n.
a·ban′don·ment n.

abandon

(əˈbændən)
vb (tr)
1. to forsake completely; desert; leave behind: to abandon a baby; drivers had to abandon their cars.
2. (Nautical Terms) abandon ship the order given to the crew of a ship that is about to sink to take to the lifeboats
3. to give up completely: to abandon a habit; to abandon hope.
4. to yield control of or concern in; relinquish: to abandon office.
5. to give up (something begun) before completion: to abandon a job; the game was abandoned.
6. to surrender (oneself) to emotion without restraint
7. (Insurance) to give (insured property that has suffered partial loss or damage) to the insurers in order that a claim for a total loss may be made
n
freedom from inhibitions, restraint, concern, or worry: she danced with abandon.
[C14: abandounen (vb), from Old French, from a bandon under one's control, in one's power, from a at, to + bandon control, power]
aˈbandonment n

a•ban•don1

(əˈbæn dən)

v.t.
1. to leave completely and finally; forsake utterly; desert: to abandon a child; to abandon a sinking ship.
2. to give up; discontinue; withdraw from: to abandon a project; to abandon hope.
3. to give up the control of: to abandon a city to an enemy army.
4. to yield (oneself) without restraint or moderation, as to emotions or natural impulses: to abandon oneself to grief.
5. to relinquish (insured property) in case of partial loss, so that the insured can claim a total loss.
6. Obs. to banish.
[1325–75; Middle English abando(u)nen < Middle French abandoner for Old French (mettre) a bandon (put) under (someone's) jurisdiction =a at, to (< Latin ad; see ad-) + bandon < Germanic *band; see bond1]
a•ban′don•er, n.
a•ban′don•ment, n.

a•ban•don2

(əˈbæn dən)

n.
a complete surrender to natural impulses without restraint or moderation; freedom from constraint: to dance with reckless abandon.
[1815–25; < French]

abandon


Past participle: abandoned
Gerund: abandoning

Imperative
abandon
abandon
Present
I abandon
you abandon
he/she/it abandons
we abandon
you abandon
they abandon
Preterite
I abandoned
you abandoned
he/she/it abandoned
we abandoned
you abandoned
they abandoned
Present Continuous
I am abandoning
you are abandoning
he/she/it is abandoning
we are abandoning
you are abandoning
they are abandoning
Present Perfect
I have abandoned
you have abandoned
he/she/it has abandoned
we have abandoned
you have abandoned
they have abandoned
Past Continuous
I was abandoning
you were abandoning
he/she/it was abandoning
we were abandoning
you were abandoning
they were abandoning
Past Perfect
I had abandoned
you had abandoned
he/she/it had abandoned
we had abandoned
you had abandoned
they had abandoned
Future
I will abandon
you will abandon
he/she/it will abandon
we will abandon
you will abandon
they will abandon
Future Perfect
I will have abandoned
you will have abandoned
he/she/it will have abandoned
we will have abandoned
you will have abandoned
they will have abandoned
Future Continuous
I will be abandoning
you will be abandoning
he/she/it will be abandoning
we will be abandoning
you will be abandoning
they will be abandoning
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been abandoning
you have been abandoning
he/she/it has been abandoning
we have been abandoning
you have been abandoning
they have been abandoning
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been abandoning
you will have been abandoning
he/she/it will have been abandoning
we will have been abandoning
you will have been abandoning
they will have been abandoning
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been abandoning
you had been abandoning
he/she/it had been abandoning
we had been abandoning
you had been abandoning
they had been abandoning
Conditional
I would abandon
you would abandon
he/she/it would abandon
we would abandon
you would abandon
they would abandon
Past Conditional
I would have abandoned
you would have abandoned
he/she/it would have abandoned
we would have abandoned
you would have abandoned
they would have abandoned
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.abandon - the trait of lacking restraint or controlabandon - the trait of lacking restraint or control; reckless freedom from inhibition or worry; "she danced with abandon"
unrestraint - the quality of lacking restraint
2.abandon - a feeling of extreme emotional intensityabandon - a feeling of extreme emotional intensity; "the wildness of his anger"
passion, passionateness - a strong feeling or emotion
Verb1.abandon - forsake, leave behindabandon - forsake, leave behind; "We abandoned the old car in the empty parking lot"
chuck out, discard, cast aside, cast away, throw away, toss away, toss out, put away, throw out, cast out, dispose, fling, toss - throw or cast away; "Put away your worries"
chuck, ditch - throw away; "Chuck these old notes"
dispense with - forgo or do or go without
forfeit, give up, throw overboard, waive, forgo, forego - lose (s.th.) or lose the right to (s.th.) by some error, offense, or crime; "you've forfeited your right to name your successor"; "forfeited property"
consign - commit forever; commit irrevocably
2.abandon - give up with the intent of never claiming againabandon - give up with the intent of never claiming again; "Abandon your life to God"; "She gave up her children to her ex-husband when she moved to Tahiti"; "We gave the drowning victim up for dead"
foreswear, relinquish, renounce, quit - turn away from; give up; "I am foreswearing women forever"
3.abandon - leave behind emptyabandon - leave behind empty; move out of; "You must vacate your office by tonight"
go forth, leave, go away - go away from a place; "At what time does your train leave?"; "She didn't leave until midnight"; "The ship leaves at midnight"
4.abandon - stop maintaining or insisting on; of ideas or claims; "He abandoned the thought of asking for her hand in marriage"; "Both sides have to give up some claims in these negotiations"
ease up, give way, move over, yield, give - move in order to make room for someone for something; "The park gave way to a supermarket"; "`Move over,' he told the crowd"
cave in, collapse, fall in, give way, founder, give, break - break down, literally or metaphorically; "The wall collapsed"; "The business collapsed"; "The dam broke"; "The roof collapsed"; "The wall gave in"; "The roof finally gave under the weight of the ice"
5.abandon - leave someone who needs or counts on youabandon - leave someone who needs or counts on you; leave in the lurch; "The mother deserted her children"
leave - go and leave behind, either intentionally or by neglect or forgetfulness; "She left a mess when she moved out"; "His good luck finally left him"; "her husband left her after 20 years of marriage"; "she wept thinking she had been left behind"
expose - abandon by leaving out in the open air; "The infant was exposed by the teenage mother"; "After Christmas, many pets get abandoned"
walk out - leave suddenly, often as an expression of disapproval; "She walked out on her husband and children"
ditch - forsake; "ditch a lover"
maroon, strand - leave stranded or isolated with little hope of rescue; "the travellers were marooned"

abandon

verb
1. leave, strand, ditch, leave behind, walk out on, forsake, jilt, run out on, throw over, turn your back on, desert, dump, leave high and dry, leave in the lurch He claimed that his parents had abandoned him.
2. stop, drop, give up, halt, cease, cut out, pack in (Brit. informal), discontinue, leave off, desist from The authorities have abandoned any attempt to distribute food.
stop continue
3. give up, resign from, yield, surrender, relinquish, renounce, waive, cede, forgo, abdicate efforts to persuade him to abandon his claim to the presidency
give up take, keep, hold, claim
4. evacuate (takes ship as object) quit, withdraw from, vacate, depart from The crew prepared to abandon ship.
evacuate maintain, defend, uphold
noun
1. recklessness, dash, wildness, wantonness, unrestraint, careless freedom He has splashed money around with gay abandon.
recklessness control, restraint, moderation
abandon yourself to something indulge in, give way to, yield to, wallow in, give free rein to, lose yourself in, give yourself up to We are scared to abandon ourselves to our feelings.

abandon

verb
1. To give up or leave without intending to return or claim again:
2. To give up a possession, claim, or right:
3. To let (something) go:
4. To cease trying to accomplish or continue:
Informal: swear off.
Slang: lay off.
5. To yield (oneself) unrestrainedly, as to a particular impulse:
noun
1. A complete surrender of inhibitions:
2. A careless, often reckless disregard for consequences:
Translations
يَتْرُك،يَهْجُريَسْتَسْلِم لِيَهْجُرُ
zanechatoddat seopustitpropadnout
efterladehengivekaste sig ud iopgive
hylätä
napustiti
gefa sig á valdyfirgefa
見捨てる
포기하다
atsisakymasneturintis gėdospalikimaspaliktaspalikti
atstātļautiespamest
zapustiti
överge
ละทิ้ง
bırakmakkendini bırakmakterk etmekterketmek
từ bỏ

abandon

[əˈbændən]
A. VT
1. (= desert) [+ car, family] → abandonar, dejar
to abandon sb to his fateabandonar a algn a su suerte
abandon ship!¡evacuar el barco!
2. (= give up) [+ plan, attempt] → renunciar a; [+ game] → anular
the game was abandoned after 20 minutes' playdespués de 20 minutos de juego se anuló el partido
abandon all hope ye whoabandonad toda esperanza aquellos que ...
to abandon o.s. to sthentregarse or abandonarse a algo
B. N to dance with wild abandonbailar desenfrenadamente
see also gay A3

abandon

[əˈbændən]
vt
[+ person, family] → abandonner
[+ car] → abandonner
[+ studies, search, activity] → abandonner
[+ idea, policy, strategy] → laisser tomber
to abandon ship → évacuer le navire
to abandon o.s. to sth → se laisser aller à qch
nabandon m
with abandon → avec désinvolture

abandon

vt
(= leave, forsake)verlassen; womanverlassen, sitzen lassen; babyaussetzen; car(einfach) stehen lassen; they abandoned the city to the enemysie flohen und überließen dem Feind die Stadt; to abandon shipdas Schiff verlassen
(= give up) project, hope, attemptaufgeben; to abandon playdas Spiel abbrechen
(fig) to abandon oneself to somethingsich einer Sache (dat)hingeben
n no plHingabe f, → Selbstvergessenheit f; with abandonmit ganzer Seele, mit Leib und Seele

abandon

[əˈbændən]
1. vt
a. (desert) → abbandonare
to abandon ship → abbandonare la nave
b. (give up, plan, hope, game) → abbandonare, rinunciare a
to abandon o.s. to sth → abbandonarsi a qc, lasciarsi andare a qc
2. nabbandono
with gay abandon → sfrenatamente, spensieratamente

abandon

(əˈbӕndən) verb
1. to leave, not intending to return to. They abandoned the stolen car.
2. to give (oneself) completely to. He abandoned himself to despair.
aˈbandoned adjective
1. shameless. an abandoned young woman.
2. having been left without any intention of returning to or reclaiming. The police found the abandoned car.
aˈbandonment noun
Lack of money led to the abandonment of this plan.

abandon

يَهْجُرُ zanechat opgive verlassen εγκαταλείπω abandonar hylätä abandonner napustiti abbandonare 見捨てる 포기하다 in de steek laten forlate porzucić abandonar оставлять överge ละทิ้ง terk etmek từ bỏ 放弃

abandon

v. abandonar, dejar; desamparar.
References in classic literature ?
She did not think herself a genius by any means, but when the writing fit came on, she gave herself up to it with entire abandon, and led a blissful life, unconscious of want, care, or bad weather, while she sat safe and happy in an imaginary world, full of friends almost as real and dear to her as any in the flesh.
There was the truth of virginity and the truth of passion, the truth of wealth and of poverty, of thrift and of profligacy, of carelessness and abandon.
Cora was in the act of speaking, with an intent to advise the woman to abandon the trifle, when the savage relinquished his hold of the shawl, and tore the screaming infant from her arms.
If I ever had any such idea, I should abandon it now; you are quite right in this as in your other opinions.
God knows I never wished to harass him, but I felt that merely, at this, to turn my back on him was to abandon or, to put it more truly, to lose him.
I abandon the glory and distinction of such offices to those who like them.
Erskine was on the other side; and he then supported it by saying, that though the gentleman had originally harpooned the lady, and had once had her fast, and only by reason of the great stress of her plunging viciousness, had as last abandoned her; yet abandon her he did, so that she became a loose-fish; and therefore when a subsequent gentleman re-harpooned her, the lady then became that subsequent gentleman's property, along with whatever harpoon might have been found sticking in her.
Were the slaveholders at once to abandon this practice, I have not the slightest doubt it would lead to an immediate insurrection among the slaves.
I abandon to you, then, what is absolutely superfluous to me.
But should Linton be unworthy - only a feeble tool to his father - I cannot abandon her to him
The case is so hopeless, and I feel that I am wallowing in such a bog of nonsense, that I give up all idea of getting out, and abandon myself to my fate.
Dissatisfaction seated musingly on a childless hearth, thinks with envy of the father whose return is greeted by young voices--seated at the meal where the little heads rise one above another like nursery plants, it sees a black care hovering behind every one of them, and thinks the impulses by which men abandon freedom, and seek for ties, are surely nothing but a brief madness.