abase


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a·base

 (ə-bās′)
tr.v. a·based, a·bas·ing, a·bas·es
To lower in rank, prestige, or esteem. See Synonyms at debase.

[Middle English abassen, from Old French abaissier : Latin ad-, ad- + Vulgar Latin *bassiāre (from Medieval Latin bassus, low).]

a·base′ment n.

abase

(əˈbeɪs)
vb (tr)
1. to humble or belittle (oneself, etc)
2. to lower or reduce, as in rank or estimation
[C15: abessen, from Old French abaissier to make low. See base2]
aˈbasement n

a•base

(əˈbeɪs)

v.t. a•based, a•bas•ing.
to lower in rank, dignity, or estimation; humble; humiliate; degrade.
[1470–80; Middle English < Anglo-French abesser, abaisser, Old French abaissier=a- a-5 + -baissier < Vulgar Latin *bassiare, v. derivative of Late Latin bassus; see base2]
a•base′ment, n.
a•bas′er, n.

abase


Past participle: abased
Gerund: abasing

Imperative
abase
abase
Present
I abase
you abase
he/she/it abases
we abase
you abase
they abase
Preterite
I abased
you abased
he/she/it abased
we abased
you abased
they abased
Present Continuous
I am abasing
you are abasing
he/she/it is abasing
we are abasing
you are abasing
they are abasing
Present Perfect
I have abased
you have abased
he/she/it has abased
we have abased
you have abased
they have abased
Past Continuous
I was abasing
you were abasing
he/she/it was abasing
we were abasing
you were abasing
they were abasing
Past Perfect
I had abased
you had abased
he/she/it had abased
we had abased
you had abased
they had abased
Future
I will abase
you will abase
he/she/it will abase
we will abase
you will abase
they will abase
Future Perfect
I will have abased
you will have abased
he/she/it will have abased
we will have abased
you will have abased
they will have abased
Future Continuous
I will be abasing
you will be abasing
he/she/it will be abasing
we will be abasing
you will be abasing
they will be abasing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been abasing
you have been abasing
he/she/it has been abasing
we have been abasing
you have been abasing
they have been abasing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been abasing
you will have been abasing
he/she/it will have been abasing
we will have been abasing
you will have been abasing
they will have been abasing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been abasing
you had been abasing
he/she/it had been abasing
we had been abasing
you had been abasing
they had been abasing
Conditional
I would abase
you would abase
he/she/it would abase
we would abase
you would abase
they would abase
Past Conditional
I would have abased
you would have abased
he/she/it would have abased
we would have abased
you would have abased
they would have abased
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.abase - cause to feel shameabase - cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of; "He humiliated his colleague by criticising him in front of the boss"
spite, wound, bruise, injure, offend, hurt - hurt the feelings of; "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"
demolish, smash, crush - humiliate or depress completely; "She was crushed by his refusal of her invitation"; "The death of her son smashed her"
demean, disgrace, degrade, take down, put down - reduce in worth or character, usually verbally; "She tends to put down younger women colleagues"; "His critics took him down after the lecture"

abase

verb
To deprive of esteem, self-worth, or effectiveness:
Idioms: bring low, take down a peg.
Translations

abase

[əˈbeɪs] VT [+ person] → humillar, rebajar
to abase o.s. (so far as to) + INFINrebajarse (hasta el punto de + infin )

abase

[əˈbeɪs] vt
to abase o.s. → s'abaisser
to abase o.s. before sb → s'abaisser devant qn
to abase o.s. so far as to do sth → s'abaisser à faire qch

abase

vt personerniedrigen; moralsverderben; to abase oneselfsich (selbst) erniedrigen

abase

[əˈbeɪs] vt (frm) → umiliare, mortificare
to abase o.s. → umiliarsi, abbassarsi
References in classic literature ?
March's grave face relaxed, in spite of her efforts to keep sober, when she heard him declare that he would atone for his sins by all sorts of penances, and abase himself like a worm before the injured damsel.
How inscrutable are the ways of providence -- for what great and mysterious purpose has it pleased heaven to abase the man once so elevated, and raise up him who was so abased?
mighty problem of its signification, abase my spiritual eyes, fearing
Something desperate and vague, a flicker of an insane desire to abase himself before the mysterious impulses of evil, to ask for mercy in some way, passed through his mind; and then came the idea, the persuasion, the certitude, that the evil must be forgotten--must be resolutely ignored to make life possible; that the knowledge must be kept out of mind, out of sight, like the knowledge of certain death is kept out of the daily existence of men.
In its pride of numbers, in its strange pretensions of sanctity, and in the secret readiness to abase itself in suffering, the spirit of Russia is the spirit of cynicism.
I wouldn't abase myself by descending to hold no conversation with him' replied the Dodger.
Thus, to the rector, he addressed a bow, compounded of lay deference, and a slight touch of the shady preliminary meditation at church; to the doctor, a confidential bow, as to a gentleman whose acquaintance with his inside he begged respectfully to acknowledge; before the Quality he delighted to abase himself; and for Uncle Parker, who was in the army (at least, so he had settled it), he put his open hand to the side of his hat, in a military manner which that angry-eyed buttoned-up inflammatory-faced old gentleman appeared but imperfectly to appreciate.
For, as one has well said: the horse abases the base, ennobles the noble.
Shamima Begum, 15, Kadiza Sultana, 16, and 15-year-old Amira Abase, who attended Bethnal Green Academy in east London, sparked a police hunt after they flew to Istanbul from Gatwick Airport last month and are now believed to be in Syria.
Shamima Begum, 15, Kadiza Sultana, 16, and 15-year-old Amira Abase flew from Gatwick to Istanbul on February 17 and are feared to have continued to Syria to become so-called "jihadi brides".
However, Shamima Begum, 15, Amira Abase, also 15, and Kadiza Sultana, 16, are now feared to have reached the conflict zone.
Three London schoolgirls - Kadiza Sultana, 16, Shamima Begum, 15, and Amira Abase, 15 - last month fled to Syria.