Twin abdominal pregnancy
is rarely encountered by gynaecologists throughout their professional career.
Ovarian cysts should be differentiated from uterine leiomyoma, nonpregnant horn of bicornuate uterus, appendiceal abscess, diverticular abscess, pelvic kidney retroperitoneal tumour, endometrioma, hydrosalpinx, mesenteric cyst, abdominal pregnancy
, metastatic lymphoma and sarcoma.
The most challenging limitation of laparoscopy in abdominal pregnancy
is the disability to adequate hemostasis intraoperatively.
00 Abdominal pregnancy
without intrauterine pregnancy O00.
was diagnosed by ultrasound scan.
There are a large number of causes for the formation of uterocutaneous fistulae such as lower-segment type of Cesarean section, abdominal pregnancy
, and high delivery.
Intraligamentary ectopic pregnancy is a retroperitoneal abdominal pregnancy
in which the product of conception grows within the two leaves of the broad ligament.
The primary abdominal pregnancy
is defined as an ectopic pregnancy developing on the serosal surface within the peritoneal cavity excluding tubal, ovarian, intraligamentous pregnancies and secondary implantation of primary tubal implantation .
Advanced abdominal pregnancy
carries a risk of hemorrhage, disseminated intravascular coagulation, bowel obstruction and fistulae to the gastrointestinal and/or genitourinary tracts.
With a secondary abdominal pregnancy
or a broad-ligament heterotopic pregnancy in mind, it was decided to perform exploratory laparotomy.
Advanced secondary abdominal pregnancy
following rupture of rudimentary horn.
When doctors found the abdominal pregnancy
, they immediately operated the woman and found the live fetus in her abdominal cavity, without the amniotic sac which provides nourishment to the fetus.