aberration


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ab·er·ra·tion

 (ăb′ə-rā′shən)
n.
1. A deviation from what is typical or normal: an election that was an aberration from usual state politics. See Synonyms at deviation.
2. A departure from what is considered natural or proper: "Throughout history, the beast with a taste for human flesh has been regarded as an aberration, even as an outlaw" (Philip Caputo).
3. An abnormal, usually temporary alteration in one's mental state.
4.
a. A defect of focus, such as blurring in an image.
b. An imperfect image caused by a physical defect in an optical element, as in a lens.
5. The apparent displacement of the position of a celestial body in the direction of motion of an observer on Earth, caused by the motion of Earth and the finite velocity of light.
6. Genetics A deviation in the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism.

[Latin aberrātiō, aberrātiōn-, diversion, from aberrātus, past participle of aberrāre, to go astray : ab-, away from; see ab-1 + errāre, to stray; see ers- in Indo-European roots.]

aberration

(ˌæbəˈreɪʃən)
n
1. deviation from what is normal, expected, or usual
2. departure from truth, morality, etc
3. a lapse in control of one's mental faculties
4. (General Physics) optics a defect in a lens or mirror that causes the formation of either a distorted image or one with coloured fringes. See also spherical aberration, chromatic aberration
5. (Astronomy) astronomy the apparent displacement of a celestial body due to the finite speed of light and the motion of the observer with the earth

ab•er•ra•tion

(ˌæb əˈreɪ ʃən)

n.
1. deviation from the usual or normal course.
2. deviation from the usual or normal type.
3. deviation from truth or moral rectitude.
4. mental unsoundness, esp. of a minor or temporary nature; mental lapse.
5. apparent displacement of a heavenly body, owing to the motion of the earth in its orbit.
6. any disturbance of the rays of a pencil of light such that they can no longer be brought to a sharp focus or form a clear image.
[1585–95; < Latin aberrātiō <aberrā(re) (see aberrant)]
ab`er•ra′tion•al, adj.

ab·er·ra·tion

(ăb′ə-rā′shən)
1. A deviation in the normal structure or number of chromosomes in an organism.
2. The failure of a lens, mirror, or telescope to bring rays of light coming from a source, such as a star, to a single focus, causing a distorted or blurred image.

aberration

Apparent changes in the position of a celestial body, brought about by the movement of the earth in relation to it.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.aberration - a state or condition markedly different from the normaberration - a state or condition markedly different from the norm
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
chromosomal aberration, chromosomal anomaly, chromosonal disorder, chrosomal abnormality - any change in the normal structure or number of chromosomes; often results in physical or mental abnormalities
deflection, warp - a twist or aberration; especially a perverse or abnormal way of judging or acting
2.aberration - a disorder in one's mental stateaberration - a disorder in one's mental state  
folie, mental disorder, mental disturbance, psychological disorder, disturbance - (psychiatry) a psychological disorder of thought or emotion; a more neutral term than mental illness
3.aberration - an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good imageaberration - an optical phenomenon resulting from the failure of a lens or mirror to produce a good image
chromatic aberration - an optical aberration in which the image has colored fringes
optical phenomenon - a physical phenomenon related to or involving light
spherical aberration - an optical aberration resulting in a distorted image

aberration

noun
1. anomaly, exception, defect, abnormality, inconsistency, deviation, quirk, peculiarity, divergence, departure, irregularity, incongruity The incident was not just an aberration, not just a single incident.
2. oddity, abnormality, rarity, peculiarity, phenomenon, freak Single people are treated as an aberration and made to pay extra.
3. lapse, mistake, error an aberration of judgment

aberration

noun
1. A departing from what is prescribed:
3. Psychology. Serious mental illness or disorder impairing a person's capacity to function normally and safely:
Psychiatry: mania.
Psychology: alienation.
Translations
аберация
aberraatioajatusvirheeksyminenerehdyshairahdus
aberrációtévelygéstévút
quang sai

aberration

[ˌæbeˈreɪʃən] Naberración f
mental aberrationenajenación f mental

aberration

[ˌæbəˈreɪʃən] nanomalie f
in a moment of aberration → dans un moment d'égarement
a temporary aberration → un moment de folie

aberration

nAnomalie f; (Astron, Opt) → Aberration f; (in statistics, from course) → Abweichung f; (= mistake)Irrtum m; (moral) → Verirrung f; in a moment of (mental) aberration (inf)in einem Augenblick geistiger Verwirrung; I must have had an aberration (inf)da war ich wohl (geistig) weggetreten (inf); the housing scheme is something of an aberration (inf)die Wohnsiedlung ist (ja) eine Geschmacksverirrung (inf)

aberration

[ˌæbəˈreɪʃn] naberrazione f
in a moment of mental aberration → in un momento di aberrazione mentale
a youthful aberration → una follia or un errore giovanile

ab·er·ra·tion

n. aberración.
1. visión defectuosa o imperfecta;
chromatic ______ cromática
2. desviación de lo normal;
3. trastorno mental;
mental ______ mental.
References in classic literature ?
Unable to realize the gravity of her conduct she seemed at last content; and he looked at her as she lay upon his shoulder, weeping with happiness, and wondered what obscure strain in the d'Urberville blood had led to this aberration--if it were an aberration.
People in general thought him a lunatic, and blamed his Reform Club friends for having accepted a wager which betrayed the mental aberration of its proposer.
A tremulous uncertainty of the action of all her limbs soon became a part of her regular state, and afterwards, at intervals of two or three months, she would often put her hands to her head, and would then remain for about a week at a time in some gloomy aberration of mind.
Up-and-down did it: and the landscape, which had been showing signs of mental aberration in various directions, returned to its normal condition of sobriety with the exception of a small yellowish-brown mouse, which continued to run wildly up and down the road, lashing its tail like a little lion.
We were not so new to the country as not to know that the solitary life of many a plainsman had a tendency to develop eccentricities of conduct and character not always easily distinguishable from mental aberration.
I thought it was an aberration of my senses, a mad dream.
I trust," he said, "that I may be forgiven my temporary fit of aberration.
We will make a clean sweep of all these psychological points, of a suspicion against you, so that your crime will appear to have been something like an aberration, for in truth it was an aberration.
Concussion of the brain, superinducing total mental aberration.
After careful examination of the unfortunate creature, he thinks that there are unmistakably symptoms of mental aberration.
It has gradually augmented, until it assumes the appearance of aberration of intellect.
Here was clearly a case of aberration in a christened child which demanded severe treatment; but Silas, overcome with convulsive joy at finding his treasure again, could do nothing but snatch her up, and cover her with half-sobbing kisses.