Improving plant productivity, including the ability to cope with abiotic
(environmental) stresses such as drought and nitrogen limitations, is a target for the new collaborative program.
Using principal component analysis among biotic and abiotic
variables we found coherent subsets of variables that explain biological processes such as growth, mortality and recruitment in a seagrass (Zostera marina) meadow.
Based on a review of the information in the FAO database on Biotechnology in Developing Countries FAO-BioDeC), which covers both genetically modified (GM) crops and non-GM biotechnologies, the assessment suggests that developing countries will soon have new GM crops available such as virus-resistant papaya, sweet potato and cassava as well as rice tolerant to abiotic
stresses (salinity and drought).
Adherence of this organism to abiotic
surfaces such as medical implants and catheters represents a major risk for hospitalized patients.
Starting with general aspects of biotic as well as abiotic
stresses, this handbook and ready reference moves on to focus on topics of stress hormones, technical approaches such as proteomics, transcriptomics and genomics, and their integration into systemic modeling.
The book opens by introducing the Lovelock Gaia hypothesis and motivating glacier science as a major abiotic
component of the homeostatic planetary system.
They cover diagnosing and understanding plant diseases, fungi, bacteria, nematodes, viruses, parasite flowering plants, abiotic
factors, types of plant diseases, how plants interact with pathogens, how people influence plant disease epidemics, and how to prevent or manage plant disease epidemics.
Coverage includes pests, diseases weed moulds and abiotic
disorders - recognition, biology and control
Organization is in three major sections addressing climate change and abiotic
stress factors; methods to improve crop productivity; and species-specific case studies (graminoids, leguminosae, and rosaceae).
Topics include ABA in pathogen resistance; mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade; transcription factors in abiotic
and biotic stress responses; manipulation of plant hormonal crosstalk by microorganisms; and involvement of reactive oxygen species/nitrix oxide in signal crosstalk.
Neilson and Allard, both affiliated with IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, examine a wide range of compounds as well as abiotic
and microbiological reactions mediated by microorganisms, emphasizing the pathways used and the broad classes of enzymes involved.
Topics include: water deficit stress-induced changes in higher plants and implications for global arid regions, physical and chemical signals and their action in systemic responses of plants to local wounding, root water transport under abiotic
stress conditions, amino acids in the rhizosphere, endoreduplication in cereal plants, an overview of antioxidant properties of strawberries, and more.