ablaut


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Related to ablaut: metathesis, umlaut, suppletion

ab·laut

 (äb′lout′, äp′-)
n.
A vowel change, characteristic of Indo-European languages, that accompanies a change in grammatical function; for example, i, a, u in sing, sang, sung. Also called apophony, gradation.

[German : ab, off (from Middle High German ab, abe, from Old High German aba; see apo- in Indo-European roots) + Laut, sound (from Middle High German lūt, from Old High German hlūt; see kleu- in Indo-European roots).]

ablaut

(ˈæblaʊt; German ˈaplaut)
n
(Linguistics) linguistics vowel gradation, esp in Indo-European languages. See gradation5
[German, coined 1819 by Jakob Grimm from ab off + Laut sound]

ab•laut

(ˈɑp laʊt, ˈæb-, ˈɑb-)

n.
(esp. in Indo-European languages) regular alternation of vowels in a word element, reflecting a change in grammatical function, as in English sing, sang, sung, song.
[1840–50; < German, =ab- off + Laut sound]

ablaut

A change in the vowel in different forms of a verb, such as tenses, for example “hang” and “hung.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ablaut - a vowel whose quality or length is changed to indicate linguistic distinctions (such as sing sang sung song)
gradation, grade - a degree of ablaut
vowel, vowel sound - a speech sound made with the vocal tract open
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
In this Chin study Button's several reconstruction systems make productive use of Pulleyblank's vision of an ablaut contrast between vowels a and a, as against the far more widely accepted four- and six-vowel systems of Fang-Kuei Li (1902-87) and Baxter.
Along with the analysis of the nature of morphological bases, Kastovsky (1968) has listed an inventory of alternations that can be traced back to the study of Germanic ablaut, which, in terms of word-formation, involves the use of inflectional means for derivational purposes, notably the stems of the present, preterite and past participle of strong verbs.
The high unrounded vowel *i in the Khanty cognate is the high ablaut grade of an original *a (Helimski 2001; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2006 : 42); the ablaut was triggered by the vowel in the suffix *-im.
Hulle was 'nog goed vertroud met die ablaut van sterk werkwoorde', maar het in hul skryftaal 'aan die perfektum die voorkeur gegee', skryf sy.
There is a direct correspondence with Indo-European derivatives from IE *Rer- 'horn' [with its many ablaut grades, as *kr-, *kera-, *kera-u-, *kera-i- ] : *ker[h.
Spoken German with its abundant use of Umlaut and Ablaut is a case in point (cf.
48) During the period 1997-2005, for example, forecasting error for GDP growth averaged ablaut 0.
On the other hand, she continues to inform us copiously ablaut British Victorian Roman Catholic writings, many of them likely influences upon Hopkins (pp.
In Old English, both the ablaut formation and suffixation existed with the same meaning" (Bybee, et al.
This front-back distinction looks very much like the same kind of ablaut variation one finds between, say, Greek [pi][omicron][delta][omicron][zeta](podos, with mid back rounded [o]; English cognate podiatrist) and Latin pedis (with mid front unrounded [e]; cognate pedestrian), both meaning "foot," and both coming from the PIE root *ped-.
After noting the existence of an Indo-European ablaut *mero/*moro which denotes an adjective meaning "gross" as revealed by Celtic -maros, Germanic -merus, and Greek -[GREEK TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII], Schmidt lists several facts which for him point to a borrowing of the Slavic from the Germanic.