ablaut


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Related to ablaut: metathesis, umlaut, suppletion

ab·laut

 (äb′lout′, äp′-)
n.
A vowel change, characteristic of Indo-European languages, that accompanies a change in grammatical function; for example, i, a, u in sing, sang, sung. Also called apophony, gradation.

[German : ab, off (from Middle High German ab, abe, from Old High German aba; see apo- in Indo-European roots) + Laut, sound (from Middle High German lūt, from Old High German hlūt; see kleu- in Indo-European roots).]

ablaut

(ˈæblaʊt; German ˈaplaut)
n
(Linguistics) linguistics vowel gradation, esp in Indo-European languages. See gradation5
[German, coined 1819 by Jakob Grimm from ab off + Laut sound]

ab•laut

(ˈɑp laʊt, ˈæb-, ˈɑb-)

n.
(esp. in Indo-European languages) regular alternation of vowels in a word element, reflecting a change in grammatical function, as in English sing, sang, sung, song.
[1840–50; < German, =ab- off + Laut sound]

ablaut

A change in the vowel in different forms of a verb, such as tenses, for example “hang” and “hung.”
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ablaut - a vowel whose quality or length is changed to indicate linguistic distinctions (such as sing sang sung song)
gradation, grade - a degree of ablaut
vowel, vowel sound - a speech sound made with the vocal tract open
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
In one of them, only those nouns which are either zero-related to the verb or created from a verb by means of the morphological process known as ablaut (song from sing, death from die, thought from think, etc.
Finally, the general view seems to be that the sling/slung/slung ablaut pattern in English verbs is productive, while the swim/swam/sum pattern is not.
In this Chin study Button's several reconstruction systems make productive use of Pulleyblank's vision of an ablaut contrast between vowels a and a, as against the far more widely accepted four- and six-vowel systems of Fang-Kuei Li (1902-87) and Baxter.
Along with the analysis of the nature of morphological bases, Kastovsky (1968) has listed an inventory of alternations that can be traced back to the study of Germanic ablaut, which, in terms of word-formation, involves the use of inflectional means for derivational purposes, notably the stems of the present, preterite and past participle of strong verbs.
The high unrounded vowel *i in the Khanty cognate is the high ablaut grade of an original *a (Helimski 2001; [TEXT NOT REPRODUCIBLE IN ASCII] 2006 : 42); the ablaut was triggered by the vowel in the suffix *-im.
Next, those contrasts due to the ablaut of the verb are put aside.
Hulle was 'nog goed vertroud met die ablaut van sterk werkwoorde', maar het in hul skryftaal 'aan die perfektum die voorkeur gegee', skryf sy.
In Chechen, aspect is marked by stem alternation (vowel ablaut in the productive conjugations) (Beerle 1988, Handel 2003, Nichols & Vagapov 2004).
Martin Arista (forthcoming a) offers a typology of zero-derivation phenomena in Old English that includes: (i) zero derivation with explicit inflectional morphemes and without explicit derivational morphemes, as in ridan 'to ride' > rida 'rider'; (ii) zero derivation without explicit or implicit morphemes, either inflectional or derivational, as in bidan 'to delay' > bid 'delay'; (iii) zero derivation without inflectional or derivational morphemes but displaying ablaut, as in drifan 'to drive' > draf 'action of driving'; and (iv) zero derivation with ablaut and formatives that can no longer be considered productive affixes, such as -m in fleon 'to fly' > fleam 'flight'.
There is a direct correspondence with Indo-European derivatives from IE *Rer- 'horn' [with its many ablaut grades, as *kr-, *kera-, *kera-u-, *kera-i- ] : *ker[h.