abrupt


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Related to abrupt: abrupt junction

a·brupt

 (ə-brŭpt′)
adj.
1. Unexpectedly sudden: an abrupt change in the weather.
2. Surprisingly curt; brusque: an abrupt answer made in anger.
3. Touching on one subject after another with sudden transitions: abrupt prose.
4. Steeply inclined. See Synonyms at steep1.
5. Botany Terminating suddenly rather than gradually; truncate: an abrupt leaf.

[Latin abruptus, past participle of abrumpere, to break off : ab-, away; see ab-1 + rumpere, to break; see reup- in Indo-European roots.]

a·brupt′ly adv.
a·brupt′ness n.

abrupt

(əˈbrʌpt)
adj
1. sudden; unexpected
2. brusque or brief in speech, manner, etc; curt
3. (of a style of writing or speaking) making sharp transitions from one subject to another; disconnected
4. precipitous; steep
5. (Biology) botany shaped as though a part has been cut off; truncate
6. (Geological Science) geology (of strata) cropping out suddenly
[C16: from Latin abruptus broken off, from ab-1 + rumpere to break]
abˈruptly adv
abˈruptness n

ab•rupt

(əˈbrʌpt)

adj.
1. sudden or unexpected: an abrupt departure.
2. curt or brusque in speech or manner: an abrupt reply.
3. terminating or changing suddenly; sharp: an abrupt turn in the road.
4. having many sudden changes from one subject to another; lacking in continuity or smoothness: an abrupt writing style.
5. steep; precipitous: an abrupt descent.
[1575–85; < Latin abruptus, past participle of abrumpere to rupture]
ab•rupt′ly, adv.
ab•rupt′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.abrupt - marked by sudden changes in subject and sharp transitionsabrupt - marked by sudden changes in subject and sharp transitions; "abrupt prose"
disconnected, staccato - (music) marked by or composed of disconnected parts or sounds; cut short crisply; "staccato applause"; "a staccato command"; "staccato notes"
2.abrupt - exceedingly sudden and unexpectedabrupt - exceedingly sudden and unexpected; "came to an abrupt stop"; "an abrupt change in the weather"
sudden - happening without warning or in a short space of time; "a sudden storm"; "a sudden decision"; "a sudden cure"
3.abrupt - extremely steepabrupt - extremely steep; "an abrupt canyon"; "the precipitous rapids of the upper river"; "the precipitous hills of Chinese paintings"; "a sharp drop"
steep - having a sharp inclination; "the steep attic stairs"; "steep cliffs"
4.abrupt - surprisingly and unceremoniously brusque in mannerabrupt - surprisingly and unceremoniously brusque in manner; "an abrupt reply"
discourteous - showing no courtesy; rude; "a distant and at times discourteous young"

abrupt

adjective
3. steep, sharp, sheer, sudden, precipitous narrow valleys and abrupt hillsides
steep gradual
4. uneven, broken, irregular, disconnected, jerky, discontinuous the rather abrupt patting she displayed

abrupt

adjective
1. Happening quickly and without warning:
2. Rudely unceremonious:
3. So sharply inclined as to be almost perpendicular:
Translations
فَظْ، وَقِحْمُفَاجِئمُفاجِئمُقْتَضَبْ، غَيْر مُسْتَمِر
náhlýneočekávanýpřerušenýpřetrženýúsečný
bratkort for hovedetpludseligstudsuhøflig
äkillinenäkkijyrkkääkkinäinenerottaakeskeyttää
nagao
skyndilegurstuttaralegur, dónalegur
不意の
갑작스러운
aštrumasaštrusšiurkščiaistačiokiškasstaigiai
aprautsnegaidītspēkšņsstrups
abrupt
ทันทีทันใด
đột ngột

abrupt

[əˈbrʌpt] ADJ
1. (= sudden) [change, rise] → brusco; [departure] → repentino; [resignation, dismissal] → repentino, súbito
to come to an abrupt endterminar de repente
to come to an abrupt halt or stop (lit) → pararse bruscamente or en seco (fig) → terminarse de repente
2. (= brusque) [person] → brusco, cortante; [question] → brusco; [comment, reply] → cortante
he was abrupt to the point of rudenessestuvo tan brusco or cortante que resultaba hasta grosero
he was very abrupt with meestuvo muy brusco or cortante conmigo
I was taken aback by her abrupt mannerme chocó su brusquedad
3. (= steep) [hillside, precipice] → abrupto, escarpado

abrupt

[əˈbrʌpt] adj
(= sudden) [halt, stop] → soudain(e); [departure] → précipité(e); [change] → brusque
to come to an abrupt end → se terminer brusquement
(= curt) [person, manner] → brusque, abrupt(e)
He was a bit abrupt with me → Il s'est montré un peu brusque avec moi.
(= steep) → abrupt(e)

abrupt

adj
abrupt; descent, dropunvermittelt, jäh; bendplötzlich; manner, replyschroff, brüsk; to come to an abrupt endein abruptes Ende nehmen; to bring something to an abrupt halt (lit)etw abrupt zum Stehen bringen; (fig)etw plötzlich stoppen
(= brusque, curt) personbrüsk, schroff

abrupt

[əˈbrʌpt] adj (halt, person) → brusco/a; (departure) → improvviso/a; (slope) → ripido/a, erto/a; (style) → discontinuo/a, sconnesso/a

abrupt

(əˈbrapt) adjective
1. sudden; unexpected. The car came to an abrupt halt.
2. (of a person's manner of speaking etc) rude or sharp.
3. lacking in continuity.
aˈbruptly adverb
aˈbruptness noun

abrupt

مُفاجِئ náhlý brat abrupt αιφνίδιος abrupto äkkinäinen abrupt nagao improvviso 不意の 갑작스러운 abrupt brå nagły repentino внезапный abrupt ทันทีทันใด ani đột ngột 突然

abrupt

a. abrupto-a, precipitado-a, repentino-a.
References in classic literature ?
Her efforts in this line, however, were brought to an abrupt close by an untoward accident, which quenched her ardor.
Pontellier is capricious," said Madame Lebrun, who was amusing herself immensely and feared that Edna's abrupt departure might put an end to the pleasure.
The river had worn away the edge of the soft rock in such a manner as to render its first pitch less abrupt and perpendicular than is usual at waterfalls.
There was the flash of a red shirt vanishing in an adjacent doorway; the fading apparition of a pair of high boots and blue overalls in another; the abrupt withdrawal of a curly blond head from a sashless window over the way.
Clifford," said she,--still too agitated to utter more than an abrupt sentence,--"Clifford has a home here
Grose looked round once more; she fixed her eyes on the duskier distance, then, pulling herself together, turned to me with abrupt inconsequence.
The boat moved on,--freighted with its weight of sorrow,--up the red, muddy, turbid current, through the abrupt tortuous windings of the Red river; and sad eyes gazed wearily on the steep red-clay banks, as they glided by in dreary sameness.
It seemed abrupt, but I thought maybe the reader wouldn't notice it, because I changed the subject right away to something else.
The "respects" might have been the freedom of the city, or an equestrian statue, when presented in this way, and the aunts would have shuddered could they have foreseen the manner of delivery; but it was vastly impressive to the audience, who concluded that Mirandy Sawyer must be making her way uncommonly fast to mansions in the skies, else what meant this abrupt change of heart?
I am sure you must have been struck by his awkward look and abrupt manner, and the uncouthness of a voice which I heard to be wholly unmodulated as I stood here.
Having spread the quilt and folded my night-dress, I went to the window-seat to put in order some picture-books and doll's house furniture scattered there; an abrupt command from Georgiana to let her playthings alone (for the tiny chairs and mirrors, the fairy plates and cups, were her property) stopped my proceedings; and then, for lack of other occupation, I fell to breathing on the frost-flowers with which the window was fretted, and thus clearing a space in the glass through which I might look out on the grounds, where all was still and petrified under the influence of a hard frost.
The abrupt descent of Penistone Crags particularly attracted her notice; especially when the setting sun shone on it and the topmost heights, and the whole extent of landscape besides lay in shadow.