abrupt


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Related to abrupt: abrupt junction

a·brupt

 (ə-brŭpt′)
adj.
1. Unexpectedly sudden: an abrupt change in the weather.
2. Surprisingly curt; brusque: an abrupt answer made in anger.
3. Touching on one subject after another with sudden transitions: abrupt prose.
4. Steeply inclined. See Synonyms at steep1.
5. Botany Terminating suddenly rather than gradually; truncate: an abrupt leaf.

[Latin abruptus, past participle of abrumpere, to break off : ab-, away; see ab-1 + rumpere, to break; see reup- in Indo-European roots.]

a·brupt′ly adv.
a·brupt′ness n.

abrupt

(əˈbrʌpt)
adj
1. sudden; unexpected
2. brusque or brief in speech, manner, etc; curt
3. (of a style of writing or speaking) making sharp transitions from one subject to another; disconnected
4. precipitous; steep
5. (Biology) botany shaped as though a part has been cut off; truncate
6. (Geological Science) geology (of strata) cropping out suddenly
[C16: from Latin abruptus broken off, from ab-1 + rumpere to break]
abˈruptly adv
abˈruptness n

ab•rupt

(əˈbrʌpt)

adj.
1. sudden or unexpected: an abrupt departure.
2. curt or brusque in speech or manner: an abrupt reply.
3. terminating or changing suddenly; sharp: an abrupt turn in the road.
4. having many sudden changes from one subject to another; lacking in continuity or smoothness: an abrupt writing style.
5. steep; precipitous: an abrupt descent.
[1575–85; < Latin abruptus, past participle of abrumpere to rupture]
ab•rupt′ly, adv.
ab•rupt′ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.abrupt - marked by sudden changes in subject and sharp transitionsabrupt - marked by sudden changes in subject and sharp transitions; "abrupt prose"
disconnected, staccato - (music) marked by or composed of disconnected parts or sounds; cut short crisply; "staccato applause"; "a staccato command"; "staccato notes"
2.abrupt - exceedingly sudden and unexpectedabrupt - exceedingly sudden and unexpected; "came to an abrupt stop"; "an abrupt change in the weather"
sudden - happening without warning or in a short space of time; "a sudden storm"; "a sudden decision"; "a sudden cure"
3.abrupt - extremely steepabrupt - extremely steep; "an abrupt canyon"; "the precipitous rapids of the upper river"; "the precipitous hills of Chinese paintings"; "a sharp drop"
steep - having a sharp inclination; "the steep attic stairs"; "steep cliffs"
4.abrupt - surprisingly and unceremoniously brusque in mannerabrupt - surprisingly and unceremoniously brusque in manner; "an abrupt reply"
discourteous - showing no courtesy; rude; "a distant and at times discourteous young"

abrupt

adjective
3. steep, sharp, sheer, sudden, precipitous narrow valleys and abrupt hillsides
steep gradual
4. uneven, broken, irregular, disconnected, jerky, discontinuous the rather abrupt patting she displayed

abrupt

adjective
1. Happening quickly and without warning:
2. Rudely unceremonious:
3. So sharply inclined as to be almost perpendicular:
Translations
فَظْ، وَقِحْمُفَاجِئمُفاجِئمُقْتَضَبْ، غَيْر مُسْتَمِر
náhlýneočekávanýpřerušenýpřetrženýúsečný
bratkort for hovedetpludseligstudsuhøflig
äkillinenäkkijyrkkääkkinäinenerottaakeskeyttää
nagao
skyndilegurstuttaralegur, dónalegur
不意の
갑작스러운
aštrumasaštrusšiurkščiaistačiokiškasstaigiai
aprautsnegaidītspēkšņsstrups
abrupt
ทันทีทันใด
đột ngột

abrupt

[əˈbrʌpt] ADJ
1. (= sudden) [change, rise] → brusco; [departure] → repentino; [resignation, dismissal] → repentino, súbito
to come to an abrupt endterminar de repente
to come to an abrupt halt or stop (lit) → pararse bruscamente or en seco (fig) → terminarse de repente
2. (= brusque) [person] → brusco, cortante; [question] → brusco; [comment, reply] → cortante
he was abrupt to the point of rudenessestuvo tan brusco or cortante que resultaba hasta grosero
he was very abrupt with meestuvo muy brusco or cortante conmigo
I was taken aback by her abrupt mannerme chocó su brusquedad
3. (= steep) [hillside, precipice] → abrupto, escarpado

abrupt

[əˈbrʌpt] adj
(= sudden) [halt, stop] → soudain(e); [departure] → précipité(e); [change] → brusque
to come to an abrupt end → se terminer brusquement
(= curt) [person, manner] → brusque, abrupt(e)
He was a bit abrupt with me → Il s'est montré un peu brusque avec moi.
(= steep) → abrupt(e)

abrupt

adj
abrupt; descent, dropunvermittelt, jäh; bendplötzlich; manner, replyschroff, brüsk; to come to an abrupt endein abruptes Ende nehmen; to bring something to an abrupt halt (lit)etw abrupt zum Stehen bringen; (fig)etw plötzlich stoppen
(= brusque, curt) personbrüsk, schroff

abrupt

[əˈbrʌpt] adj (halt, person) → brusco/a; (departure) → improvviso/a; (slope) → ripido/a, erto/a; (style) → discontinuo/a, sconnesso/a

abrupt

(əˈbrapt) adjective
1. sudden; unexpected. The car came to an abrupt halt.
2. (of a person's manner of speaking etc) rude or sharp.
3. lacking in continuity.
aˈbruptly adverb
aˈbruptness noun

abrupt

مُفاجِئ náhlý brat abrupt αιφνίδιος abrupto äkkinäinen abrupt nagao improvviso 不意の 갑작스러운 abrupt brå nagły repentino внезапный abrupt ทันทีทันใด ani đột ngột 突然

abrupt

a. abrupto-a, precipitado-a, repentino-a.
References in classic literature ?
In spite of this the old man inspired in all his visitors alike a feeling of respectful veneration- especially of an evening when he came in to tea in his old-fashioned coat and powdered wig and, aroused by anyone, told his abrupt stories of the past, or uttered yet more abrupt and scathing criticisms of the present.
In spite of her sedentary habits such abrupt decisions were not without precedent in Zeena's history.
Sir Edward is greatly incensed by your abrupt departure; he has taken back Augusta to Bedfordshire.
She had not seen him since his abrupt departure from Moscow, and she sent her elder son to bid him come to see her.
True, the slavery and abasement in which she held me might have given me (such things often do so) the power to question her with abrupt directness (seeing that,, inasmuch as I figured in her eyes as a mere slave and nonentity, she could not very well have taken offence at any rude curiosity); but the fact was that, though she let me question her, she never returned me a single answer, and at times did not so much as notice me.
He did not rise: my abrupt entrance produced no effect upon him, though I must have looked a veritable corpse myself.
Hunt and his companions put an abrupt end to the hunt; the buffalo scuttled off in one direction, while the Indians plied their lashes and galloped off in another, as fast as their steeds could carry them.
There is everything to be done," said Lydgate, with abrupt energy.
Tollmidge's formidable assertions relating to herself for the second time, Lady Lydiard's meditations came to an abrupt end.
Mrs Fitzpatrick made many apologies for an early, abrupt visit, at an hour when, she said, "she should not have thought of disturbing her ladyship, but upon business of the utmost consequence.
On account of those abrupt ones, return into thy security: only in the market-place is one assailed by Yea?
But this is very abrupt," she said hurriedly, feeling that in some ridiculous way she had precipitated an equally ridiculous catastrophe.