absent

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Related to absenting: superincumbent

ab·sent

 (ăb′sənt)
adj.
1. Not present; missing: absent friends; absent parents.
2. Not existent; lacking: a country in which morality is absent.
3. Exhibiting or feeling inattentiveness: an absent nod.
tr.v. (ăb-sĕnt′) ab·sent·ed, ab·sent·ing, ab·sents
To keep (oneself) away: They absented themselves from the debate.
prep.
Without: "Absent a legislative fix, this is an invitation for years of litigation" (Brian E. O'Neill).

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin absēns, absent-, present participle of abesse, to be away : ab-, away; see ab-1 + esse, to be; see es- in Indo-European roots.]

ab′sent·ly adv.

absent

adj
1. away or not present
2. lacking; missing
3. inattentive; absent-minded
vb
(tr) to remove (oneself) or keep away
[C14: from Latin absent-, stem of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away]
abˈsenter n

ab•sent

(adj., prep. ˈæb sənt; v. æbˈsɛnt, ˈæb sənt) adj.
1. not in a certain place at a given time; away; missing; not present: absent from class.
2. lacking; nonexistent: Revenge was absent from his mind.
3. not attentive; preoccupied; absent-minded: an absent expression.
v.t.
4. to take or keep (oneself) away.
prep.
5. in the absence of; without.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Latin absent-, s. of absēns, present participle of abesse to be away =ab- ab- + esse to be]

absent

1. 'absent'

If someone is absent from a meeting, ceremony, or place, they are not there.

Gary O'Neil has been absent from training because of a stomach virus.
Their children are frequently absent from school.

You use from after absent in sentences like these. Don't use 'at'.

If it is clear what meeting, ceremony, or place you are talking about, you can simply say that someone is absent.

The Mongolian delegate to the assembly was absent.
2. 'not at' and 'not there'

Absent is a fairly formal word. In conversation and in less formal writing, you say that someone is not at a meeting, ceremony, or place, or that they are not there.

She wasn't at Molly's wedding.
I looked in the kitchen but Magda wasn't there.

absent


Past participle: absented
Gerund: absenting

Imperative
absent
absent
Present
I absent
you absent
he/she/it absents
we absent
you absent
they absent
Preterite
I absented
you absented
he/she/it absented
we absented
you absented
they absented
Present Continuous
I am absenting
you are absenting
he/she/it is absenting
we are absenting
you are absenting
they are absenting
Present Perfect
I have absented
you have absented
he/she/it has absented
we have absented
you have absented
they have absented
Past Continuous
I was absenting
you were absenting
he/she/it was absenting
we were absenting
you were absenting
they were absenting
Past Perfect
I had absented
you had absented
he/she/it had absented
we had absented
you had absented
they had absented
Future
I will absent
you will absent
he/she/it will absent
we will absent
you will absent
they will absent
Future Perfect
I will have absented
you will have absented
he/she/it will have absented
we will have absented
you will have absented
they will have absented
Future Continuous
I will be absenting
you will be absenting
he/she/it will be absenting
we will be absenting
you will be absenting
they will be absenting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been absenting
you have been absenting
he/she/it has been absenting
we have been absenting
you have been absenting
they have been absenting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been absenting
you will have been absenting
he/she/it will have been absenting
we will have been absenting
you will have been absenting
they will have been absenting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been absenting
you had been absenting
he/she/it had been absenting
we had been absenting
you had been absenting
they had been absenting
Conditional
I would absent
you would absent
he/she/it would absent
we would absent
you would absent
they would absent
Past Conditional
I would have absented
you would have absented
he/she/it would have absented
we would have absented
you would have absented
they would have absented
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.absent - go away or leaveabsent - go away or leave; "He absented himself"
disappear, vanish, go away - get lost, as without warning or explanation; "He disappeared without a trace"
Adj.1.absent - not being in a specified place
present - being or existing in a specified place; "the murderer is present in this room"; "present at the wedding"; "present at the creation"
2.absent - nonexistent; "the thumb is absent"; "her appetite was lacking"
nonexistent - not having existence or being or actuality; "chimeras are nonexistent"
3.absent - lost in thought; showing preoccupation; "an absent stare"; "an absentminded professor"; "the scatty glancing quality of a hyperactive but unfocused intelligence"
inattentive - showing a lack of attention or care; "inattentive students"; "an inattentive babysitter"

absent

absent yourself stay away, withdraw, depart, keep away, truant, abscond, play truant, slope off (informal), bunk off (slang), remove yourself He pleaded guilty to absenting himself without leave.
Quotations
"Greater things are believed of those who are absent" [Tacitus Histories]

absent

adjective
1. Not present:
2. Deficient in a usual or needed amount:
3. So lost in thought as to be unaware of one's surroundings:
Idiom: a million miles away.
Translations
غَائِبغائِبيُبعد ، يُغيِّب
nepřítomnýneúčastnit se
fraværendeholde sig vækudebliveborte
poissa oleva
odsutan
fjarverandihalda frá/fjarri
不在の
부재의
absensabsumamens
išsiblaškęsišsiblaškymasnebuvimasnedalyvaujantisnedalyvauti
neierasties kaut kurpromesošs
ausenteausentar
odsoten
frånvarande
ขาด
yokgitmemek
vắng mặt

absent

A. [ˈæbsənt] ADJ
1. (= not present) [person, thing] → ausente
"to absent friends!" (toast) → "¡por los amigos ausentes!"
to be absentfaltar (from a) to be absent from schoolfaltar al colegio
he has been absent from his desk for two weekslleva dos semanas sin aparecer por el despacho
absent without leave (Mil) → ausente sin permiso
to go absent without leaveausentarse sin permiso
2. (= absent-minded) → ausente, distraído
she was absent, preoccupiedestaba ausente or distraída, preocupada
an absent stareuna mirada ausente or distraída
3. (= lacking) a spirit of compromise was noticeably absent from the meetingen la reunión la voluntad de llegar a un acuerdo brilló por su ausencia
B. [æbˈsent] VT to absent o.s.ausentarse (from de)

absent

[ˈæbsənt]
adj
(= not present) [pupil, father] → absent(e)
to be absent → être absent(e)
to be absent from work → être absent(e) du travail
to be absent from school → être absent(e) de l'école
absent without leave (MILITARY)en absence irrégulière
(= distracted) [person, manner] → absent(e)
[æbˈsɛnt] vt
to absent o.s. from sth → quitter qch

absent

adj
(= not present) personabwesend, nicht da; to be absent from school/workin der Schule/am Arbeitsplatz fehlen; absent! (Sch) → fehlt!; why were you absent from class?warum warst du nicht in der Stunde?, warum hast du gefehlt?; to be or go absent without leave (Mil) → sich unerlaubt von der Truppe entfernen; absent parentnicht betreuender Elternteil; to absent friends!auf unsere abwesenden Freunde!
(= absent-minded) expression, look(geistes)abwesend; in an absent momentin einem Augenblick geistiger Abwesenheit
(= lacking) to be absentfehlen
vr to absent oneself (from) (= not go, not appear)fernbleiben (+dat, → von); (= leave temporarily)sich zurückziehen or absentieren (hum, geh)(von)

absent

[adj ˈæbsnt; vb æbˈsɛnt]
1. adj (person) → assente; (thing) → assente, mancante (fig) (also absent-minded) → distratto/a
to be absent without leave (Mil) → essere assente ingiustificato/a
2. vt to absent o.s. from sthnon presentarsi a qc

absent

(ˈӕbsənt) adjective
not present. Johnny was absent from school with a cold.
(əbˈsent) verb
to keep (oneself) away. He absented himself from the meeting.
ˈabsence noun
1. the condition of not being present. His absence was noticed.
2. a time during which a person etc is not present. After an absence of five years he returned home.
ˌabsenˈtee noun
a person who is not present, especially frequently (eg at work, school etc).
ˌabsenˈteeism noun
being often absent from work etc without good reason. Absenteeism is a problem in some industries.
ˌabsent-ˈminded adjective
not noticing what is going on around one because one is thinking deeply. an absent-minded professor.
ˌabsentˈmindedly adverb
ˌabsent-ˈmindedness noun

absent

غائِب nepřítomný fraværende abwesend απών ausente poissa oleva absent odsutan assente 不在の 부재의 afwezig fraværende nieobecny ausente отсутствующий frånvarande ขาด yok vắng mặt 缺席

absent

a. ausente; distraído-a, absorto-a.

absent

adj ausente
References in classic literature ?
They were soon dining in company together at Mr Musgrove's, for the little boy's state could no longer supply his aunt with a pretence for absenting herself; and this was but the beginning of other dinings and other meetings.
Gossett, who was a broker, had made some frivolous objection about the difficulty of absenting himself from Wall Street, but had been overruled.
Fagin took the opportunity of reading Oliver a long lecture on the crying sin of ingratitude; of which he clearly demonstrated he had been guilty, to no ordinary extent, in wilfully absenting himself from the society of his anxious friends; and, still more, in endeavouring to escape from them after so much trouble and expense had been incurred in his recovery.