absorption


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Related to absorption: absorption costing, Absorption of Light

ab·sorp·tion

 (əb-zôrp′shən, -sôrp′-)
n.
1. The act or process of absorbing or the condition of being absorbed.
2. A state of mental concentration.

[Latin absorptiō, absorptiōn-, from absorptus, past participle of absorbēre, to absorb; see absorb.]

ab·sorp′tive (-tĭv) adj.
ab′sorp·tiv′i·ty n.

absorption

(əbˈsɔːpʃən; -ˈzɔːp-)
n
1. the process of absorbing or the state of being absorbed
2. (Medicine) physiol
a. normal assimilation by the tissues of the products of digestion
b. the passage of a gas, fluid, drug, etc, through the mucous membranes or skin
3. (General Physics) physics a reduction of the intensity of any form of radiated energy as a result of energy conversion in a medium, such as the conversion of sound energy into heat
4. (Physiology) immunol the process of removing superfluous antibodies or antigens from a mixture using a reagent
[C16: from Latin absorptiōn-, from absorbēre to absorb]
abˈsorptive adj

ab•sorp•tion

(æbˈsɔrp ʃən, -ˈzɔrp-)

n.
1. the act of absorbing.
2. the state of being absorbed.
3. assimilation; incorporation.
4. preoccupation; engrossment.
5. assimilation by molecular or chemical action.
6. the removal of energy or particles from a beam by the medium through which the beam propagates.
[1590–1600; < Latin absorptiō <absorb(ēre) to absorb]
ab•sorp′tive, adj., n.

ab·sorp·tion

(əb-sôrp′shən)
1. Biology The movement of a substance, such as a liquid or solute, across a cell membrane by means of diffusion or osmosis.
2. Chemistry The process of drawing a gas or liquid into a solid through the minute spaces between its parts. Compare adsorption.
3. Physics The taking up and storing of energy, such as radiation, light, or sound, without it being reflected or transmitted.

absorption

1. Uptake of substances, such as digested food and oxygen, into cells.
2. The transfer of digested nutrients from the alimentary canal into blood or lymph.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.absorption - (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates anotherabsorption - (chemistry) a process in which one substance permeates another; a fluid permeates or is dissolved by a liquid or solid
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
imbibition - (chemistry) the absorption of a liquid by a solid or gel
sorption - the process in which one substance takes up or holds another (by either absorption or adsorption)
2.absorption - (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a mediumabsorption - (physics) the process in which incident radiated energy is retained without reflection or transmission on passing through a medium; "the absorption of photons by atoms or molecules"
natural philosophy, physics - the science of matter and energy and their interactions; "his favorite subject was physics"
extinction - the reduction of the intensity of radiation as a consequence of absorption and radiation
natural action, natural process, action, activity - a process existing in or produced by nature (rather than by the intent of human beings); "the action of natural forces"; "volcanic activity"
3.absorption - the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with anotherabsorption - the social process of absorbing one cultural group into harmony with another
Americanisation, Americanization - assimilation into American culture
Anglicisation, Anglicization - the act of anglicizing; making English in appearance
Europeanisation, Europeanization - assimilation into European culture
social process - a process involved in the formation of groups of persons
Westernisation, Westernization - assimilation of Western culture; the social process of becoming familiar with or converting to the customs and practices of Western civilization
4.absorption - the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestionabsorption - the process of absorbing nutrients into the body after digestion
anabolism, constructive metabolism - the synthesis in living organisms of more complex substances (e.g., living tissue) from simpler ones together with the storage of energy
malabsorption - abnormal absorption of nutrients from the digestive tract
biological process, organic process - a process occurring in living organisms
5.absorption - complete attentionabsorption - complete attention; intense mental effort
attention - the faculty or power of mental concentration; "keeping track of all the details requires your complete attention"
centering, focus, focusing, focussing, focal point, direction - the concentration of attention or energy on something; "the focus of activity shifted to molecular biology"; "he had no direction in his life"
specialism - the concentration of your efforts on a particular field of study or occupation
study - a state of deep mental absorption; "she is in a deep study"
6.absorption - the mental state of being preoccupied by somethingabsorption - the mental state of being preoccupied by something
cognitive state, state of mind - the state of a person's cognitive processes
abstractedness, abstraction - preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else
absentmindedness - preoccupation so great that the ordinary demands on attention are ignored

absorption

noun
1. soaking up, consumption, digestion, sucking up, osmosis Vitamin C increases absorption of iron.
2. assimilation, integration, inclusion, fusion, incorporation, amalgamation Two new camps were set up for the absorption of refugees.
3. immersion, holding, involvement, concentration, occupation, engagement, fascination, preoccupation, intentness, captivation, raptness He was struck by the artists' total absorption in their work.

absorption

noun
1. The process of absorbing and incorporating, especially mentally:
2. Total occupation of the attention or of the mind:
Translations
إمْتِصَاص، إسْتِيعَاب، إنْهِمَاك فِي
абсорбция
pohlcenívstřebání
absorbtion
absorptioimeyttäminenimeytyminensulauttaminensulautuminen
abszorpciófelszívás
ísog, upptaka
absorbowanieabsorpcjapochłanianieprzyswajanie
pohltenie
vpijanje
emme

absorption

[əbˈzɔːpʃən]
A. N (Comm, fig) → absorción f
B. CPD absorption costing Ncálculo m del costo de absorción

absorption

[əbˈzɔːrən] n
(= absorbing) [liquid, heat, iron, vitamins] → absorption f
(into country, community) [refugees, immigrants] → absorption f
(= concentration) → attention f
her absorption in her work → son attention dans son travail

absorption

nAbsorption f, → Aufnahme f; (of liquid also)Aufsaugung f; (of vibration)Auffangen nt; (of shock)Dämpfung f; (of people, firm)Integration f; her total absorption in her family/studiesihr vollkommenes Aufgehen in ihrer Familie/ihrem Studium; to watch with absorptiongefesselt or gebannt beobachten

absorption

[əbˈsɔːpʃn] n
a. (Physiology) → assorbimento (Aut) → ammortizzamento (fig) (of person into group) → integrazione f
b. (fig) → concentrazione f
his absorption in his work prevented him from noticing ... → era così assorbito nel suo lavoro che non ha notato...

absorb

(əbˈzoːb) verb
1. to soak up. The cloth absorbed the ink I had spilled.
2. to take up the whole attention of (a person). He was completely absorbed in his book.
abˈsorbent adjective
able to soak up. absorbent paper.
abˈsorption (-ˈzoːp-) noun

ab·sorp·tion

n. absorción.
1. acto de ingerir o introducir líquidos u otras sustancias en el organismo;
cutaneous ______ cutánea;
mouth ______ bucal;
parenteral ______ parenteral;
intestinal ______ entérica;
stomach ______ estomacal
2. ensimismación.

absorption

n absorción f
References in classic literature ?
In the absorption of nature, her companions passed out of her mind, even as they sometimes passed out of her sight in the windings of the shadowy trail.
HOLGRAVE, plunging into his tale with the energy and absorption natural to a young author, had given a good deal of action to the parts capable of being developed and exemplified in that manner.
While this passed, Hester Prynne had been standing on her pedestal, still with a fixed gaze towards the stranger -- so fixed a gaze that, at moments of intense absorption, all other objects in the visible world seemed to vanish, leaving only him and her.
Jerry, the messenger, who had made his own observations, in his own manner, and who had been sucking the rust off his fingers in his absorption, stretched his neck to hear who they were.
It had set me thinking a good deal at the time, as I have mentioned in its place; but my absorption in my own affairs, my experience of the family, and my hearing nothing more, had gradually ended in my dismissing the subject.
My fancy made a picture of them distended with three weeks' absorption of mineral springs.
For weeks he would not go there, would forget the hideous painted thing, and get back his light heart, his wonderful joyousness, his passionate absorption in mere existence.
But that stupid absorption in his own sentiments, which characterizes young and true love, had ruined him, as a child full of life sometimes kills itself out of ignorance.
And you really believe the result would be still more sure with us than in the East, and in the midst of our fogs and rains a man would habituate himself more easily than in a warm latitude to this progressive absorption of poison?
The commander of the first Roman galley must have looked with an intense absorption upon the estuary of the Thames as he turned the beaked prow of his ship to the westward under the brow of the North Foreland.
It was an expression of unconscious placid gravity--of absorption in thoughts that had no connection with the present moment or with her own personality--an expression that is most of all discouraging to a lover.
Melville's absorption in philosophical studies was quite as responsible as the failure of his later books for his cessation from literary productiveness.