abstain


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ab·stain

 (ăb-stān′, əb-)
intr.v. ab·stained, ab·stain·ing, ab·stains
1. To keep oneself from doing, engaging in, or partaking of something; refrain: abstain from partisan political rhetoric; abstain from drinking alcohol.
2. To refrain from voting: Forty senators voted in favor of the bill, 45 voted against it, and 15 abstained.

[Middle English absteinen, to avoid, from Old French abstenir, from Latin abstinēre, to hold back : abs-, ab-, away; see ab-1 + tenēre, to hold; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

ab·stain′er n.

abstain

(əbˈsteɪn)
vb
1. to choose to refrain: he abstained from alcohol.
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) to refrain from voting, esp in a committee, legislature, etc
[C14: via Old French from Latin abstinēre, from abs- ab-1 + tenēre to hold, keep]
abˈstainer n

ab•stain

(æbˈsteɪn)

v.i.
1. to refrain voluntarily, esp. from something regarded as improper or unhealthy (usu. fol. by from): to abstain from eating meat.
2. to refrain from casting one's vote: Two delegates abstained.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French abstenir « Latin abstinēre=abs- abs- + -tinēre, comb. form of tenēre to hold, keep]
ab•stain′er, n.

abstain


Past participle: abstained
Gerund: abstaining

Imperative
abstain
abstain
Present
I abstain
you abstain
he/she/it abstains
we abstain
you abstain
they abstain
Preterite
I abstained
you abstained
he/she/it abstained
we abstained
you abstained
they abstained
Present Continuous
I am abstaining
you are abstaining
he/she/it is abstaining
we are abstaining
you are abstaining
they are abstaining
Present Perfect
I have abstained
you have abstained
he/she/it has abstained
we have abstained
you have abstained
they have abstained
Past Continuous
I was abstaining
you were abstaining
he/she/it was abstaining
we were abstaining
you were abstaining
they were abstaining
Past Perfect
I had abstained
you had abstained
he/she/it had abstained
we had abstained
you had abstained
they had abstained
Future
I will abstain
you will abstain
he/she/it will abstain
we will abstain
you will abstain
they will abstain
Future Perfect
I will have abstained
you will have abstained
he/she/it will have abstained
we will have abstained
you will have abstained
they will have abstained
Future Continuous
I will be abstaining
you will be abstaining
he/she/it will be abstaining
we will be abstaining
you will be abstaining
they will be abstaining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been abstaining
you have been abstaining
he/she/it has been abstaining
we have been abstaining
you have been abstaining
they have been abstaining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been abstaining
you will have been abstaining
he/she/it will have been abstaining
we will have been abstaining
you will have been abstaining
they will have been abstaining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been abstaining
you had been abstaining
he/she/it had been abstaining
we had been abstaining
you had been abstaining
they had been abstaining
Conditional
I would abstain
you would abstain
he/she/it would abstain
we would abstain
you would abstain
they would abstain
Past Conditional
I would have abstained
you would have abstained
he/she/it would have abstained
we would have abstained
you would have abstained
they would have abstained
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.abstain - refrain from voting
refrain, forbear - resist doing something; "He refrained from hitting him back"; "she could not forbear weeping"
2.abstain - choose not to consumeabstain - choose not to consume; "I abstain from alcohol"
fast - abstain from eating; "Before the medical exam, you must fast"
fast - abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
keep off, avoid - refrain from certain foods or beverages; "I keep off drugs"; "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day"
teetotal - practice teetotalism and abstain from the consumption of alcoholic beverages
ingest, consume, have, take in, take - serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee"

abstain

verb
To hold oneself back:
Translations
يمتنع عن، يُمسك عن
zdržet sezdržovat se
forhindre
sitja hjá; halda sig frá
susilaikymassusilaikyti
atturēties
çekimser kalmakkaçmakuzak durmak

abstain

[əbˈsteɪn] VI
1. (= refrain) → abstenerse (from de) to abstain from commentno ofrecer comentario
2. (= not vote) → abstenerse
3. (= not drink) → abstenerse de las bebidas alcohólicas

abstain

[æbˈsteɪn] vis'abstenir
to abstain from sth → s'abstenir de qch
to abstain from doing → s'abstenir de faire

abstain

vi
(from sex, smoking) → sich enthalten (→ from +gen); to abstain from alcohol/drinkingsich des Alkohols/Trinkens enthalten (geh)
(in voting) → sich der Stimme enthalten

abstain

[əbˈsteɪn] vi (not vote) to abstain (from)astenersi (da)
to abstain from drinking/smoking → astenersi dal bere/dal fumare

abstain

(əbˈstein) verb
(often with from) not to do, take etc. He abstained (from voting in the election); He abstained from alcohol.
abˈstention (-ˈsten-) noun
the act of abstaining. At the election of the new chairman the voting was six for, three against, and two abstentions.

abstain

v. abstenerse, privarse de;
___ from sexual intercourse___ de relaciones sexuales
Mex. cuidarse.

abstain

vi abstenerse; to — from sex abstenerse del sexo
References in classic literature ?
He promised to abstain from smoking, chewing, and profanity as long as he remained a mem- ber.
It is well for you that a low fever has forced you to abstain for the last three days: there would have been danger in yielding to the cravings of your appetite at first.
In the absence of clear proofs of his condition, I deemed it best to abstain from noticing his curious conduct; and, five minutes afterwards, the entrance of Heathcliff relieved me, in some measure, from my uncomfortable state.
If not, I will abstain from troubling you on so trifling a subject.
Our Maker bids increase, who bids abstain But our Destroyer, foe to God and Man?
Thou art the captive of my bow and spear subject to my will by the laws of all nations; nor will I abate an inch of my right, or abstain from taking by violence what thou refusest to entreaty or necessity.
Then came the question: what did my father abstain from?
They repeat baptism every year, they retain the practice of circumcision, they observe the Sabbath, they abstain from all those sorts of flesh which are forbidden by the law.
And without waiting for the shepherd's answer, he stretched out his hand and took up some of those that were nearest to him; seeing which Ambrosio said, "Out of courtesy, senor, I will grant your request as to those you have taken, but it is idle to expect me to abstain from burning the remainder.
The long chains of simple and easy reasonings by means of which geometers are accustomed to reach the conclusions of their most difficult demonstrations, had led me to imagine that all things, to the knowledge of which man is competent, are mutually connected in the same way, and that there is nothing so far removed from us as to be beyond our reach, or so hidden that we cannot discover it, provided only we abstain from accepting the false for the true, and always preserve in our thoughts the order necessary for the deduction of one truth from another.
SOCRATES: From these premisses I proceed to argue the question whether I ought or ought not to try and escape without the consent of the Athenians: and if I am clearly right in escaping, then I will make the attempt; but if not, I will abstain.
And in practice there is little reason to apprehend any inconvenience; because, in a short course of time, the wants of the States will naturally reduce themselves within A VERY NARROW COMPASS; and in the interim, the United States will, in all probability, find it convenient to abstain wholly from those objects to which the particular States would be inclined to resort.