abstain

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ab·stain

 (ăb-stān′, əb-)
intr.v. ab·stained, ab·stain·ing, ab·stains
1. To keep oneself from doing, engaging in, or partaking of something; refrain: abstain from partisan political rhetoric; abstain from drinking alcohol.
2. To refrain from voting: Forty senators voted in favor of the bill, 45 voted against it, and 15 abstained.

[Middle English absteinen, to avoid, from Old French abstenir, from Latin abstinēre, to hold back : abs-, ab-, away; see ab-1 + tenēre, to hold; see ten- in Indo-European roots.]

ab·stain′er n.

abstain

(əbˈsteɪn)
vb
1. to choose to refrain: he abstained from alcohol.
2. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) to refrain from voting, esp in a committee, legislature, etc
[C14: via Old French from Latin abstinēre, from abs- ab-1 + tenēre to hold, keep]
abˈstainer n

ab•stain

(æbˈsteɪn)

v.i.
1. to refrain voluntarily, esp. from something regarded as improper or unhealthy (usu. fol. by from): to abstain from eating meat.
2. to refrain from casting one's vote: Two delegates abstained.
[1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French abstenir « Latin abstinēre=abs- abs- + -tinēre, comb. form of tenēre to hold, keep]
ab•stain′er, n.

abstain


Past participle: abstained
Gerund: abstaining

Imperative
abstain
abstain
Present
I abstain
you abstain
he/she/it abstains
we abstain
you abstain
they abstain
Preterite
I abstained
you abstained
he/she/it abstained
we abstained
you abstained
they abstained
Present Continuous
I am abstaining
you are abstaining
he/she/it is abstaining
we are abstaining
you are abstaining
they are abstaining
Present Perfect
I have abstained
you have abstained
he/she/it has abstained
we have abstained
you have abstained
they have abstained
Past Continuous
I was abstaining
you were abstaining
he/she/it was abstaining
we were abstaining
you were abstaining
they were abstaining
Past Perfect
I had abstained
you had abstained
he/she/it had abstained
we had abstained
you had abstained
they had abstained
Future
I will abstain
you will abstain
he/she/it will abstain
we will abstain
you will abstain
they will abstain
Future Perfect
I will have abstained
you will have abstained
he/she/it will have abstained
we will have abstained
you will have abstained
they will have abstained
Future Continuous
I will be abstaining
you will be abstaining
he/she/it will be abstaining
we will be abstaining
you will be abstaining
they will be abstaining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been abstaining
you have been abstaining
he/she/it has been abstaining
we have been abstaining
you have been abstaining
they have been abstaining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been abstaining
you will have been abstaining
he/she/it will have been abstaining
we will have been abstaining
you will have been abstaining
they will have been abstaining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been abstaining
you had been abstaining
he/she/it had been abstaining
we had been abstaining
you had been abstaining
they had been abstaining
Conditional
I would abstain
you would abstain
he/she/it would abstain
we would abstain
you would abstain
they would abstain
Past Conditional
I would have abstained
you would have abstained
he/she/it would have abstained
we would have abstained
you would have abstained
they would have abstained
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.abstain - refrain from voting
refrain, forbear - resist doing something; "He refrained from hitting him back"; "she could not forbear weeping"
2.abstain - choose not to consumeabstain - choose not to consume; "I abstain from alcohol"
fast - abstain from eating; "Before the medical exam, you must fast"
fast - abstain from certain foods, as for religious or medical reasons; "Catholics sometimes fast during Lent"
keep off, avoid - refrain from certain foods or beverages; "I keep off drugs"; "During Ramadan, Muslims avoid tobacco during the day"
teetotal - practice teetotalism and abstain from the consumption of alcoholic beverages
ingest, consume, have, take in, take - serve oneself to, or consume regularly; "Have another bowl of chicken soup!"; "I don't take sugar in my coffee"

abstain

verb
To hold oneself back:
Translations
يمتنع عن، يُمسك عن
zdržet sezdržovat se
forhindre
sitja hjá; halda sig frá
susilaikymassusilaikyti
atturēties
çekimser kalmakkaçmakuzak durmak

abstain

[əbˈsteɪn] VI
1. (= refrain) → abstenerse (from de) to abstain from commentno ofrecer comentario
2. (= not vote) → abstenerse
3. (= not drink) → abstenerse de las bebidas alcohólicas

abstain

[æbˈsteɪn] vis'abstenir
to abstain from sth → s'abstenir de qch
to abstain from doing → s'abstenir de faire

abstain

vi
(from sex, smoking) → sich enthalten (→ from +gen); to abstain from alcohol/drinkingsich des Alkohols/Trinkens enthalten (geh)
(in voting) → sich der Stimme enthalten

abstain

[əbˈsteɪn] vi (not vote) to abstain (from)astenersi (da)
to abstain from drinking/smoking → astenersi dal bere/dal fumare

abstain

(əbˈstein) verb
(often with from) not to do, take etc. He abstained (from voting in the election); He abstained from alcohol.
abˈstention (-ˈsten-) noun
the act of abstaining. At the election of the new chairman the voting was six for, three against, and two abstentions.

abstain

v. abstenerse, privarse de;
___ from sexual intercourse___ de relaciones sexuales
Mex. cuidarse.

abstain

vi abstenerse; to — from sex abstenerse del sexo
References in classic literature ?
The Germans remember the Sabbath-day to keep it holy, by abstaining from work, as commanded; we keep it holy by abstaining from work, as commanded, and by also abstaining from play, which is not commanded.
UN/file) ISLAMABAD: All of Pakistan's parliamentary parties have demanded the government to hold the country's envoy at the Office of the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) for abstaining to vote on a resolution against killings of civilians and human rights violations in Syria.
ISLAMABAD: All of Pakistan's parliamentary parties have demanded the government to hold the country's envoy at the Office of the UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) responsible for abstaining to vote on a resolution against killings of civilians and human rights violations in Syria.
The threat appeared to have some impact, with more countries abstaining and rejecting the resolution than usually associated with Palestinian-related resolutions.
The situation on the ground is, by voting no or by abstaining, our humanitarian people can come in,' Cayetano told ANC television, adding that Manila had to consider the safety of aid workers.
The Latvian parliament's Presidium has decided to send to the committee on mandates, ethics and submissions for review the public legislative initiative signed by over 11,000 Latvian citizens to prohibit lawmakers from abstaining in parliamentary votes.
She said: "Owen Smith describing himself as a 'committed devolutionist' is a perfect illustration of his cynical hypocrisy that has allowed him to call himself 'anti-austerity' after voting for the Tory Austerity Charter, and a champion of the campaign against welfare cuts, after abstaining on the Tories' Welfare Bill.
Abstaining from meat on Fridays was once a distinctive marker of what it meant to be Catholic.
Currently, the community boasts of 119513 "Fapstronauts" who share various tips, methods and other means of abstaining from sex in various forms.
The Helsinki University professor, who used to work for the World Health Organisation, said that evidence showed that moderate drinking is better than abstaining and heavy drinking is worse than abstaining.
In true Namibian style, social networks were abuzz as people took to social networking sites to air their comments and views on whether abstaining from sex will solve the problem at hand.
Some fifteen countries backed the move after Bulgaria and Germany switched from abstaining in the last vote to join the ban's supporters.