abstinent


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Related to abstinent: absinthe

ab·sti·nence

 (ăb′stə-nəns)
n.
The act or practice of refraining from indulging an appetite or desire, especially for alcoholic drink or sexual intercourse.

[Middle English, from Old French abstenance, from Latin abstinentia, from abstinēns, abstinent-, present participle of abstinēre, to hold back; see abstain.]

ab′sti·nent adj.
ab′sti·nent·ly adv.
Synonyms: abstinence, self-denial, temperance, sobriety, continence
These nouns refer to the habitual refusal to indulge a desire, especially a sensual one. Abstinence implies the willful avoidance of pleasures, especially of food and drink, thought to be harmful or self-indulgent: "I vainly reminded him of his protracted abstinence from food" (Emily Brontë).
Self-denial suggests resisting one's own desires for the achievement of a higher goal: "For too many people, the result of sedentary living is a perennial, losing battle against the bulge: bursts of self-denial interspersed with guilt when self-denial inevitably leads to self-indulgence" (Jane Brody).
Temperance refers to moderation and self-restraint and sobriety to gravity in bearing, manner, or treatment; both nouns denote moderation in or abstinence from consuming alcohol: Teetotalers preach temperance for everyone. "[T]hose moments which would come between the subsidence of actual sobriety and the commencement of intoxication" (Anthony Trollope).
Continence specifically refers to abstaining from sexual activity: The nun took a vow of continence.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.abstinent - a person who refrains from drinking intoxicating beveragesabstinent - a person who refrains from drinking intoxicating beverages
individual, mortal, person, somebody, someone, soul - a human being; "there was too much for one person to do"
teetotaler, teetotalist, teetotaller - a total abstainer
Adj.1.abstinent - self-restraining; not indulging an appetite especially for food or drink; "not totally abstinent but abstemious"
abstemious - sparing in consumption of especially food and drink; "the pleasures of the table, never of much consequence to one naturally abstemious"- John Galsworthy
Translations
abstinent

abstinent

[ˈæbstɪnənt] ADJabstinente

abstinent

adjabstinent (geh), → enthaltsam

abstinent

[ˈæbstɪnənt] adjastinente
References in periodicals archive ?
The provider shall deliver an abstinence based structured day programme that provides support to service users who want to be and remain abstinent from substance misuse.
Resource Connect, the addiction treatment unit of The Resource Group, opened in 2012 at 501 Lasalle Road, Suite 115, in Towson to focus on helping clients to attain and maintain an abstinent lifestyle free of drug use.
Summary: Pune (Maharashtra) [India], November 10 (ANI): The Savitribai Phule Pune University, in its new set of rules, announced that those students, who are vegetarians and abstinent from alcohol, will be considered eligible for Maharishi Keertankar Shelar Mama Gold Medal.
Andrew Evans, for Rees, said Rees realised he had an alcohol issue, and had been abstinent since the attack.
Albanian parties are mainly abstinent and rarely give promises, but BDI leader Ali Ahmeti stated that this problem should be solved between the two largest Macedonian parties because BDI already played its part.
But what, then, should we do if somebody struggling with illicit substance dependence wants to remain abstinent from drugs and there are only AA groups around?
Measurement of oxidative damage in the alcohol dependant and abstinent states in comparison with nonalcoholic controls after controlling for other factors causing oxidative stress is expected to provide an understanding of the static and dynamic balance of oxidative stress in alcoholism.
Here, Fitzpatrick serves up lurid violence featuring torture and grisly murders, all narrated by a properly abstinent heroine who makes out feverishly with a couple of her suitors, and even spends the night with lusty young men without--readers are carefully reassured after each hot scene--ever losing her virginity.
He has been abstinent for 12 years," said Mr Evans.
The survey carried out by the Alcohol and Crime Commission found that while many prisoners will be abstinent during their sentence, there is little support to help them understand what part alcohol played in their offending.