abstraction


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ab·strac·tion

 (ăb-străk′shən, əb-)
n.
1.
a. The act of abstracting or the state of having been abstracted.
b. An abstract concept, idea, or term.
c. An abstract quality.
2. Preoccupation; absent-mindedness.
3. An abstract work of art.

ab·strac′tion·al, ab·strac′tive adj.

abstraction

(æbˈstrækʃən)
n
1. absence of mind; preoccupation
2. the process of formulating generalized ideas or concepts by extracting common qualities from specific examples
3. an idea or concept formulated in this way: good and evil are abstractions.
4. (Logic) logic an operator that forms a class name or predicate from any given expression. See also lambda calculus
5. (Art Terms) an abstract painting, sculpture, etc
6. the act of withdrawing or removing
abˈstractive adj
abˈstractively adv

ab•strac•tion

(æbˈstræk ʃən)

n.
1. an abstract or general idea or term.
2. the act of considering something in terms of general qualities, apart from concrete realities, specific objects, or actual instances.
3. absent-mindedness; inattention.
4. the quality of being abstract.
[1540–50; < Late Latin]
ab•strac′tion•al, adj.
ab•strac′tive, adj.

abstraction

the taking of another’s property for one’s own use.
See also: Property and Ownership
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.abstraction - a concept or idea not associated with any specific instanceabstraction - a concept or idea not associated with any specific instance; "he loved her only in the abstract--not in person"
right - an abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature; "they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights"; "Certain rights can never be granted to the government but must be kept in the hands of the people"- Eleanor Roosevelt; "a right is not something that somebody gives you; it is something that nobody can take away"
concept, conception, construct - an abstract or general idea inferred or derived from specific instances
absolute - something that is conceived or that exists independently and not in relation to other things; something that does not depend on anything else and is beyond human control; something that is not relative; "no mortal being can influence the absolute"
teacher - a personified abstraction that teaches; "books were his teachers"; "experience is a demanding teacher"
thing - a special abstraction; "a thing of the spirit"; "things of the heart"
2.abstraction - the act of withdrawing or removing somethingabstraction - the act of withdrawing or removing something
remotion, removal - the act of removing; "he had surgery for the removal of a malignancy"
3.abstraction - the process of formulating general concepts by abstracting common properties of instances
theorisation, theorization - the production or use of theories
4.abstraction - an abstract paintingabstraction - an abstract painting      
painting, picture - graphic art consisting of an artistic composition made by applying paints to a surface; "a small painting by Picasso"; "he bought the painting as an investment"; "his pictures hang in the Louvre"
5.abstraction - preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all elseabstraction - preoccupation with something to the exclusion of all else
preoccupancy, preoccupation, engrossment, absorption - the mental state of being preoccupied by something
revery, reverie - an abstracted state of absorption
6.abstraction - a general concept formed by extracting common features from specific examples
entity - that which is perceived or known or inferred to have its own distinct existence (living or nonliving)
psychological feature - a feature of the mental life of a living organism
attribute - an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of an entity
group, grouping - any number of entities (members) considered as a unit
relation - an abstraction belonging to or characteristic of two entities or parts together
communication - something that is communicated by or to or between people or groups
quantity, measure, amount - how much there is or how many there are of something that you can quantify
otherworld - an abstract spiritual world beyond earthly reality
set - (mathematics) an abstract collection of numbers or symbols; "the set of prime numbers is infinite"

abstraction

noun
1. concept, thought, idea, view, theory, impression, formula, notion, hypothesis, generalization, theorem, generality Is it worth fighting in the name of an abstraction?

abstraction

noun
The condition of being so lost in solitary thought as to be unaware of one's surroundings:
Translations
абстракция

abstraction

[æbˈstrækʃən] N
1. (= act) → abstraccíón f
2. (= absent-mindedness) → distraimiento m, ensimismamiento m

abstraction

[æbˈstrækʃən] n
(= abstract idea) → idée f abstraite
(= preoccupation) → air m préoccupé
(ART) (in art, sculpture)abstraction f

abstraction

nAbstraktion f; (= abstract term also)Abstraktum nt; (= mental separation also)Abstrahieren nt; (= extraction: of information etc) → Entnahme f; (= absent-mindedness)Entrücktheit f (geh); to argue in abstractionsin abstrakten Begriffen or in Abstraktionen argumentieren

abstraction

[æbˈstrækʃn] n
a. (absence of mind) → distrazione f
b. (Philosophy) → astrazione f, concetto astratto
References in classic literature ?
The patience and forbearance of Indian fortitude could alone support such an appearance of abstraction, as seemed now to have turned each dark and motionless figure into stone.
Certainly--of course I did," he returned, with the sudden testiness of disturbed abstraction.
Jennings's well-meant but ill-judged attentions to her, this calmness could not have been maintained; but not a syllable escaped her lips; and the abstraction of her thoughts preserved her in ignorance of every thing that was passing before her.
One afternoon (I had then been three weeks at Lowood), as I was sitting with a slate in my hand, puzzling over a sum in long division, my eyes, raised in abstraction to the window, caught sight of a figure just passing: I recognised almost instinctively that gaunt outline; and when, two minutes after, all the school, teachers included, rose en masse, it was not necessary for me to look up in order to ascertain whose entrance they thus greeted.
He walked up and down, with his hands in his pockets, apparently quite forgetting my presence; and his abstraction was evidently so deep, and his whole aspect so misanthropical, that I shrank from disturbing him again.
He looked at the two, less and less attentively, and his eyes in gloomy abstraction sought the ground and looked about him in the old way.
It was so beautiful in its form, it was so ashy pale, it was so fixed in its abstraction, it was so full of a wild, sleep-walking, dreamy horror of I don't know what.
Miss Skiffins's composure while she did this was one of the most remarkable sights I have ever seen, and if I could have thought the act consistent with abstraction of mind, I should have deemed that Miss Skiffins performed it mechanically.
No doubt my melancholy abstraction accounted for that, and perhaps her presence there was to be explained by a London train which I had listlessly observed come in to the town an hour before.
It is astonishing that so simple a truth should ever have had an adversary; and it is one, among a multitude of proofs, how apt a spirit of ill-informed jealousy, or of too great abstraction and refinement, is to lead men astray from the plainest truths of reason and conviction.
Preoccupied by the sufferings he soothed, lost in the depths of prayer, the Abbe de Sponde had periods of abstraction which the habitues of the house regarded as absent-mindedness.
One of the phantasmagoric conceptions of my friend, partaking not so rigidly of the spirit of abstraction, may be shadowed forth, although feebly, in words.