abuse


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Related to abuse: Physical abuse, Emotional abuse, Spousal abuse

a·buse

 (ə-byo͞oz′)
tr.v. a·bused, a·bus·ing, a·bus·es
1. To use improperly or excessively; misuse: abuse alcohol; abuse a privilege.
2. To hurt or injure by maltreatment; ill-use: animals that were abused by a negligent owner.
3. To force sexual activity on; rape or molest.
4. To assail with insulting or hurtful words; revile.
5. Obsolete To deceive or trick.
n. (ə-byo͞os′)
1.
a. Improper or excessive use; misuse: abuse of authority; drug abuse.
b. Rough treatment or use: shoes that have taken a lot of abuse.
2.
a. Physical maltreatment or violence: spousal abuse.
b. Sexual abuse.
c. Insulting or hurtful language, especially when used to threaten or demoralize: subjected her subordinates to verbal abuse.
3. An unjust or wrongful practice: a government that commits abuses against its citizens.
Idiom:
abuse oneself
To masturbate.

[Middle English abusen, from Old French abuser, from abus, improper use, from Latin abūsus, past participle of abūtī, to misuse : ab-, away; see ab-1 + ūtī, to use.]

a·bus′er n.
Synonyms: abuse, misuse, mistreat, ill-treat, maltreat
These verbs mean to treat wrongfully or harmfully. Abuse applies to injurious or improper treatment: "We abuse land because we regard it as a commodity belonging to us" (Aldo Leopold).
Misuse stresses incorrect or unknowledgeable handling: "How often misused words generate misleading thoughts" (Herbert Spencer).
Mistreat, ill-treat, and maltreat all share the sense of inflicting injury, often intentionally: "I had seen many more patients die from being mistreated for consumption than from consumption itself" (Earl of Lytton). "Experienced people ... become suspicious of those who by their own account are invariably ill-treated by the world" (Bertrand Russell). "[The professor was charged with] underpaying, neglecting, or otherwise maltreating his assistants" (David Rains Wallace).

abuse

vb (tr)
1. to use incorrectly or improperly; misuse
2. to maltreat, esp physically or sexually
3. to speak insultingly or cruelly to; revile
4. (reflexive) to masturbate
n
5. improper, incorrect, or excessive use; misuse
6. (Sociology) maltreatment of a person; injury
7. insulting, contemptuous, or coarse speech
8. an evil, unjust, or corrupt practice
9. (Social Welfare) See child abuse
10. archaic a deception
[c14 (vb): via Old French from Latin abūsus, past participle of abūtī to misuse, from ab-1 + ūtī to use]
aˈbuser n

a•buse

(v. əˈbyuz; n. əˈbyus)

v. a•bused, a•bus•ing,
n. v.t.
1. to use wrongly or improperly; misuse: to abuse one's authority.
2. to treat in a harmful or injurious way: to abuse a horse; to abuse one's eyesight.
3. to speak insultingly or harshly to or about; revile.
4. to commit sexual assault upon.
5. Obs. to deceive or mislead.
n.
6. wrong, improper, or excessive use; misuse: the abuse of privileges; drug abuse.
7. harshly or coarsely insulting language.
8. bad or improper treatment; maltreatment.
9. a corrupt or improper practice or custom.
10. rape or sexual assault.
11. Obs. deception.
Idioms:
abuse oneself, to masturbate.
[1400–50; late Middle English < Middle French abuser, v. derivative of abus < Latin abūsus misuse, wasting =abūt(ī) to use up, misuse (ab- ab- + ūtī to use) + -tus suffix of v. action]
a•bus′a•ble (-zə bəl) adj.
a•bus′er, n.
syn: abuse, censure, invective all mean strongly expressed disapproval. abuse implies an outburst of harsh and scathing words, often against one who is defenseless: abuse directed against an opponent. censure implies blame, adverse criticism, or condemnation: severe censure of her bad judgment. invective applies to strong but formal denunciation in speech or print, often in the public interest: invective against graft.

abuse


Past participle: abused
Gerund: abusing

Imperative
abuse
abuse
Present
I abuse
you abuse
he/she/it abuses
we abuse
you abuse
they abuse
Preterite
I abused
you abused
he/she/it abused
we abused
you abused
they abused
Present Continuous
I am abusing
you are abusing
he/she/it is abusing
we are abusing
you are abusing
they are abusing
Present Perfect
I have abused
you have abused
he/she/it has abused
we have abused
you have abused
they have abused
Past Continuous
I was abusing
you were abusing
he/she/it was abusing
we were abusing
you were abusing
they were abusing
Past Perfect
I had abused
you had abused
he/she/it had abused
we had abused
you had abused
they had abused
Future
I will abuse
you will abuse
he/she/it will abuse
we will abuse
you will abuse
they will abuse
Future Perfect
I will have abused
you will have abused
he/she/it will have abused
we will have abused
you will have abused
they will have abused
Future Continuous
I will be abusing
you will be abusing
he/she/it will be abusing
we will be abusing
you will be abusing
they will be abusing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been abusing
you have been abusing
he/she/it has been abusing
we have been abusing
you have been abusing
they have been abusing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been abusing
you will have been abusing
he/she/it will have been abusing
we will have been abusing
you will have been abusing
they will have been abusing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been abusing
you had been abusing
he/she/it had been abusing
we had been abusing
you had been abusing
they had been abusing
Conditional
I would abuse
you would abuse
he/she/it would abuse
we would abuse
you would abuse
they would abuse
Past Conditional
I would have abused
you would have abused
he/she/it would have abused
we would have abused
you would have abused
they would have abused
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.abuse - cruel or inhumane treatmentabuse - cruel or inhumane treatment; "the child showed signs of physical abuse"
mistreatment - the practice of treating (someone or something) badly; "he should be punished for his mistreatment of his mother"
child abuse - the physical or emotional or sexual mistreatment of children
child neglect - failure of caretakers to provide adequate emotional and physical care for a child
persecution - the act of persecuting (especially on the basis of race or religion)
cruelty, inhuman treatment - a cruel act; a deliberate infliction of pain and suffering
2.abuse - a rude expression intended to offend or hurtabuse - a rude expression intended to offend or hurt; "when a student made a stupid mistake he spared them no abuse"; "they yelled insults at the visiting team"
discourtesy, disrespect - an expression of lack of respect
low blow - unscrupulous abuse
billingsgate, scurrility - foul-mouthed or obscene abuse
stinger, cut - a remark capable of wounding mentally; "the unkindest cut of all"
invective, vituperation, vitriol - abusive or venomous language used to express blame or censure or bitter deep-seated ill will
3.abuse - improper or excessive useabuse - improper or excessive use; "alcohol abuse"; "the abuse of public funds"
usage, use, utilisation, utilization, exercise, employment - the act of using; "he warned against the use of narcotic drugs"; "skilled in the utilization of computers"
drug abuse, substance abuse, habit - excessive use of drugs
Verb1.abuse - treat badlyabuse - treat badly; "This boss abuses his workers"; "She is always stepping on others to get ahead"
do by, treat, handle - interact in a certain way; "Do right by her"; "Treat him with caution, please"; "Handle the press reporters gently"
kick around - treat badly; abuse; "They won't have me to kick around any more!"
2.abuse - change the inherent purpose or function of somethingabuse - change the inherent purpose or function of something; "Don't abuse the system"; "The director of the factory misused the funds intended for the health care of his workers"
fracture - violate or abuse; "This writer really fractures the language"
expend, use - use up, consume fully; "The legislature expended its time on school questions"
take in vain - use a name, such as God, without proper respect
3.abuse - use foul or abusive language towardsabuse - use foul or abusive language towards; "The actress abused the policeman who gave her a parking ticket"; "The angry mother shouted at the teacher"
slang - abuse with coarse language
revile, vilify, vituperate, rail - spread negative information about; "The Nazi propaganda vilified the Jews"
lash out, attack, snipe, assail, assault, round - attack in speech or writing; "The editors of the left-leaning paper attacked the new House Speaker"
curse - heap obscenities upon; "The taxi driver who felt he didn't get a high enough tip cursed the passenger"
4.abuse - use wrongly or improperly or excessively; "Her husband often abuses alcohol"; "while she was pregnant, she abused drugs"
expend, use - use up, consume fully; "The legislature expended its time on school questions"

abuse

verb
1. ill-treat, wrong, damage, hurt, injure, harm, mar, oppress, maul, molest, impose upon, manhandle, rough up, brutalize, shit on (taboo slang), maltreat, handle roughly, knock about or around She had been abused by her father.
ill-treat protect, care for
2. insult, injure, offend, curse, put down, smear, libel, slate (informal, chiefly Brit.), slag (off) (slang), malign, scold, swear at, disparage, castigate, revile, vilify, slander, diss (slang, chiefly U.S.), defame, upbraid, slight, flame (informal), inveigh against, call names, traduce, calumniate, vituperate He alleged that he was verbally abused by other soldiers.
insult respect, praise, acclaim, flatter, compliment, commend, extol, big up (slang, chiefly Caribbean)
3. exploit, take advantage of, manipulate, misuse He showed how the rich and powerful can abuse their position.

abuse

verb
1. To use wrongly and improperly:
2. To take advantage of unfairly:
3. To hurt or injure by maltreatment:
4. To attack with harsh, often insulting language:
noun
Translations
إسَاءَة إسْتِعْمَالسُوْءُ الاِسْتِعْمالشَتِيمَه، شَتْميُؤْذِييُسِيء إسْتِعْمَال
zneužítzneužitízneužívánínadávatnadávka
misbrugmisbrugemishandlemishandlingskælde ud
pahoinpitelysolvatasolvausväärinkäyttääväärinkäyttö
השתלחהשתלחותהתעללהתעללותניצול לרעה
दुरूपयोग
zlostavljanjezlostavljati
gorombáskodáshelytelen használatvisszaél
ill meîferîmisnotamóîgunsvívirîa
濫用する虐待虐待する酷使するののしる
남용학대하다
abutor
grubiai elgtisnetinkamas elgesyspiktnaudžiautiužgauliaiužgauliojimas
apvainojumsapvainotlamasļaunprātīgi izmantotnepareiza lietošana, ekspluatēšana
poškodzovanie
žalitižaljivkazlorabazlorabitizmerjati
missbrukmissbrukamisshandelmisshandla
การข่มเหงข่มเหง
lạm dụngsự lạm dụng

abuse

A. [əˈbjuːs] N
1. (= insults) → insultos mpl, improperios mpl (more frm)
to heap abuse on sb; hurl abuse at sbllenar a algn de improperios
2. (= misuse) → abuso m
abuse of trust/powerabuso de confianza/poder
open to abuseabierto al abuso
see also child B
see also drug C
see also sexual B
B. [əˈbjuːz] VT
1. (= insult) → insultar, injuriar
he roundly abused the governmentdijo mil improperios contra el gobierno
2. (= mistreat) [+ child] (physically) → maltratar; (sexually) → abusar de
3. (= misuse) [+ position, privilege] → abusar de

abuse

[əˈbjuːs]
n
(= mistreatment) (physical)mauvais traitements mpl child abuse, sexual abuse
(verbal)insultes fpl, injures fpl
to shout abuse at sb → hurler des insultes à qn
(= misuse) [power, position] → abus m
to be open to abuse → se prêter à des abus
[drugs, alcohol] → abus m
[əˈbjuːz] vt
(= mistreat) (physically) [+ child, patient] → maltraiter
abused children → les enfants maltraités
to be abused → être maltraité(e)
(verbally)insulter
to abuse drugs → se droguer
to abuse alcohol → s'adonner à la boisson
(= misuse) [+ power, position] → abuser de

abuse

n
no pl (= insults)Beschimpfungen pl; a term of abuseein Schimpfwort nt; to shout abuse at somebodyjdm Beschimpfungen an den Kopf werfen; to heap abuse on somebodyjdn mit Beschimpfungen überschütten ? shower, stream
(= misuse)Missbrauch m; (= unjust practice)Missstand m; abuse of confidence/authorityVertrauens-/Amtsmissbrauch m; abuse of powerMachtmissbrauch m; the system is open to abusedas System lässt sich leicht missbrauchen
vt
(= revile)beschimpfen, schmähen (geh)
(= misuse)missbrauchen; one’s healthRaubbau treiben mit

abuse

[n əˈbjuːs; vb əˈbjuːz]
1. n
a. (insults) → insulti mpl, ingiurie fpl, improperi mpl
to heap abuse on sb → coprire qn di insulti
b. (cruel treatment, of children) → abuso; (of patients, prisoners) → maltrattamento
c. (misuse, of drugs, solvents) → abuso
abuse of power → abuso di potere
open to abuse → che si presta ad abusi
2. vt
a. (misuse, position, power) → abusare di; (drugs, solvents) → far abuso di
b. (revile) → insultare
c. (maltreat, children) → approfittare sessualmente di; (patients, prisoners) → maltrattare

abuse

(əˈbjuːz) verb
1. to use wrongly, usually with harmful results. She abused her privileges by taking too long a holiday.
2. to insult or speak roughly to. She abused the servants.
(əˈbjuːs) noun
1. insulting language. He shouted abuse at her.
2. the wrong use of something. This toy has been subjected to a lot of abuse.
aˈbusive (-siv) adjective
using insulting language. He wrote an abusive letter to the manager.
aˈbusively adverb
aˈbusiveness noun

abuse

سُوْءُ الاِسْتِعْمال, يُؤْذِي zneužít, zneužívání misbrug, misbruge Missbrauch, missbrauchen κακοποίηση, κακοποιώ abusar, abuso käyttää väärin, pahoinpitely maltraiter, mauvais traitement zlostavljanje, zlostavljati abusare, abuso 濫用する, 虐待 남용, 학대하다 misbruik, misbruiken misbruk, misbruke wykorzystać, wykorzystywanie abusar, abuso оскорбление, оскорблять missbruk, missbruka การข่มเหง, ข่มเหง kötüye kullanmak, taciz lạm dụng, sự lạm dụng 侵犯

a·buse

n. abuso, uso exagerado; maltrato;
___ of medicationuso exagerado de medicamentos o drogas;
spouse ______ conyugal;
verbal ___maltrato de palabra, insulto;
vt. [to take advantage of] abusar de; maltratar; seducir.

abuse

n abuso, maltrato; child — maltrato or abuso infantil, maltrato a (los) niños, abuso de (los) niños; drug — abuso de drogas; drug of — droga de abuso; elder — maltrato a (las) personas mayores, maltrato a (los) adultos mayores (Amer); physical — maltrato or abuso físico; psychological — maltrato or abuso psicológico; sexual — maltrato or abuso sexual; substance — abuso de sustancias, abuso de drogas o alcohol; vt abusar, maltratar; to — drugs abusar de drogas
References in classic literature ?
I want to be kind, but I know I shall get angry if you abuse my Professor.
The man became insane; he stood over me, choking me with one fist and beating me in the face with the other, hissing and chuckling and letting out a flood of abuse.
Whereupon Victor administered a rebuke in the form of a volley of abuse, which, owing to its rapidity and incoherence, was all but incomprehensible to Edna.
On my honor, no," exclaimed Duncan, warmly; "there would have been an abuse of a confided trust, had I taken advantage of my situation for such a purpose.
Not, always; but sometimes they don't know their own mind-- particularly if they are very young; and when they do at last, you clever creatures of men, who have interpreted their ignorance to please yourselves, abuse them for being fickle.
But, much to the disappointment of the crowd, this latter business was broken off by the interposition of the town beadle, who had no idea of permitting the majesty of the law to be violated by such an abuse of one of its consecrated places.
My boy, Liberty does not come from colors, they only show party, and all the liberty you can get out of them is, liberty to get drunk at other people's expense, liberty to ride to the poll in a dirty old cab, liberty to abuse any one that does not wear your color, and to shout yourself hoarse at what you only half-understand -- that's your liberty
If you're taken, it will be worse with you than ever; they'll only abuse you, and half kill you, and sell you down the river.
As they could not reach me, they had resolved to punish my body; just as boys, if they cannot come at some person against whom they have a spite, will abuse his dog.
Whole ages of abuse and oppression cannot crush the manhood clear out of him.
It is shameful, it is brutal, it is base, to bully and abuse an unprotected lady who has lost the use of her limbs and cannot put her feet to the floor without agony
The duke he begun to abuse him for an old fool, and the king begun to sass back, and the minute they was fairly at it I lit out and shook the reefs out of my hind legs, and spun down the river road like a deer, for I see our chance; and I made up my mind that it would be a long day before they ever see me and Jim again.