acidosis


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Related to acidosis: ketoacidosis, Lactic acidosis, metabolic acidosis, respiratory acidosis, alkalosis

ac·i·do·sis

 (ăs′ĭ-dō′sĭs)
n.
1. Abnormally high acidity of the blood and body tissues caused by a deficiency of bicarbonates or an excess of acids other than carbonic acid. It can result from any of various acute or chronic disorders or from the ingestion of certain drugs and toxins. Also called metabolic acidosis.
2. Abnormally high acidity of the blood and body tissues caused by an excess of carbon dioxide due to hypoventilation. Also called respiratory acidosis.

ac′i·dot′ic (-dŏt′ĭk) adj.

acidosis

(ˌæsɪˈdəʊsɪs)
n
(Pathology) a condition characterized by an abnormal increase in the acidity of the blood and extracellular fluids
acidotic adj

ac•i•do•sis

(ˌæs ɪˈdoʊ sɪs)

n.
a blood condition in which the bicarbonate concentration is below normal.
[1900]
ac`i•dot′ic (-ˈdɒt ɪk) adj.

acidosis

Medicine. a condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal. Also called acid intoxication, autointoxication.acidotic, adj.
See also: Blood and Blood Vessels
a condition of the blood in which the alkali reserve is lower than normal. Also called acid intoxication, autointoxication. — acidotic, adj.
See also: Disease and Illness
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissuesacidosis - abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues
diabetic acidosis, ketoacidosis - acidosis with an accumulation of ketone bodies; occurs primarily in diabetes mellitus
metabolic acidosis - acidosis and bicarbonate concentration in the body fluids resulting either from the accumulation of acids or the abnormal loss of bases from the body (as in diarrhea or renal disease)
carbon dioxide acidosis, respiratory acidosis - acidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs (as in emphysema or pneumonia); excess carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which increases the acidity of the blood
starvation acidosis - acidosis in which the acidity results from lack of food which leads to fat catabolism which in turn releases acidic ketone bodies
pathology - any deviation from a healthy or normal condition
Translations
AcidosisAzidose
asidoosihappomyrkytys
acidosis
アシドーシス酸性症
산성증
acidosis

ac·i·do·sis

n. acidosis, exceso de acidez en la sangre y los tejidos del cuerpo;
diabetic ______ diabética;
metabolic ______ metabólica.
References in periodicals archive ?
Likewise, metabolic acidosis has been shown to lower RER significantly (Hollidge-Horvat et al.
There is no evidence that metformin increases the lactic acidosis risk in patients with diabetes, but until there is a change in the FDA labeling, physicians will likely continue to be hesitant to use it in patients with renal insufficiency.
Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), the most common and serious acute complication of diabetes, is characterized by hyperglycemia and severe high-anion-gap metabolic acidosis with ketonemia (1).
2] increases acutely, signs and symptoms of hypercapnia and acidosis may be present: vasodilation, flushing and warm peripheries; headache and raised intracranial pressure (due to vasodilation of coronary blood vessels); drowsiness, confusion and coma; flapping tremor, and muscle weakness (including of the diaphragm).
To the Editor: A range of studies have demonstrated that symptomatic hyperlactataemia and lactic acidosis are associated with antiretroviral combinations containing stavudine.
Hypercapnia and hypercapnic acidosis is often noted with lung protective ventilation.
Western diets that are based in animal and grain products are highly acidic and can lead to metabolic acidosis, when too much acid builds up in the body.
The known toxic effect of biguanides is lactic acidosis in acute and chronic use.
The clinical trial was a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, controlled study that enrolled patients suffering from hemorrhagic shock with lactic acidosis at 53 trial sites in 15 countries.
Mourning doves exhibited relative metabolic acidosis (lower venous blood pH, higher lactate concentrations, lower bicarbonate, and no significant differences in partial pressure of C[O.