acquired immunity


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acquired immunity

n.
Immunity obtained either from the development of antibodies in response to exposure to an antigen, as from vaccination or an attack of an infectious disease, or from the transmission of antibodies, as from mother to fetus through the placenta or the injection of antiserum.

acquired immunity

n
(Pathology) the immunity produced by exposure of an organism to antigens, which stimulates the production of antibodies
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.acquired immunity - immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during lifeacquired immunity - immunity to a particular disease that is not innate but has been acquired during life; immunity can be acquired by the development of antibodies after an attack of an infectious disease or by a pregnant mother passing antibodies through the placenta to a fetus or by vaccination
immunity, resistance - (medicine) the condition in which an organism can resist disease
active immunity - a form of acquired immunity in which the body produces its own antibodies against disease-causing antigens
passive immunity - an impermanent form of acquired immunity in which antibodies against a disease are acquired naturally (as through the placenta to an unborn child) or artificially (as by injection of antiserum)
Translations

ac·quired im·mu·ni·ty

n. inmunidad adquirida desarrollada desde el nacimiento por la transmisión de anticuerpos, o por el desarrollo de estos como respuesta a un antígeno.
References in periodicals archive ?
Vaccination against infectious diseases is a special form of acquired immunity.
Acquired immunity occurs among native populations in countries where malaria is endemic, after multiple, repeated infections over many years.
In biological terms, vaccination against a particular pathogen aims to mimic the development of naturally acquired immunity by inoculation of non-pathogenic but immunogenic components of that pathogen.
The children acquired immunity to malaria with increasing age and exposures to malaria infection that maintained asymptomatic infections.
The findings suggest a new approach to malaria vaccine development based on naturally acquired immunity.
In the meantime, her lawyer has submitted a four-page motion in a US court seeking dismissal of the case against her for lack of personal jurisdiction now that she has been designated as a diplomat and has acquired immunity.
49/2013 stipulated the restructuring of the National Committee for Prevention of Acquired Immunity Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) presided over by the Minister of Health and membership of the following:-
Specifically, we will i) determine the effect of nitrate on feeding behaviour, body condition, reproduction and immunity in guppies; ii) analyse any interaction effects between nitrates and pathogens; iii) determine the role of acquired immunity in adult fish; and iv) test for maternally inherited immunity transfer in F1 offspring.
The child specialist said most cases of this vaccine preventable viral infection is registered in children as adults have usually acquired immunity through disease earlier or were vaccinated.
Previous studies have shown that acquired immunity with natural infection may be short-lived: less than 2 years.
In the elderly, many alterations of both innate and acquired immunity have been described.
She wrongly thought she would be protected by so-called acquired immunity after contracting it as a child and did not take any medication before her journey.

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