2) As exemplified by the acratic, it is possible for one to know what the good or the right requires and still fail to act on it.
So, the tyrant of Gorgias, though he be vicious, cannot, without begging the question, be assumed to be possibly transformable into an acratic, where he still desires to do evil, even though he now believes that it is not in his interest to do so.
At that moment, the acratic identifies himself as the agent who desires to gaze; the encratic would be the one who at that moment identifies himself as the agent whose good is achieved by not gazing.
The acratic is caught between the two "men," external and internal, seemingly identifying with both at once.
There is only one "means-end" or "normative" reasoner in the dispute when the acratic or encratic tries to decide whether to give in to or to resist an appetite.
Of course, the appetites must be independent of some beliefs about the good--those of the calculative part of the soul--if they are to be the source of acratic action.
One thing was certain, though, and that was--all the techniques of philological and verbal, to say nothing of rational, skill I had learned over the years were as nothing compared to the techne of encratic and acratic
sociolects, of transgressive sememes, hegemonic signifiers, and endoxal deviance.